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Lesson Transcript

Iran’s currency is officially the rial. But the people usually use a more friendly version which is toman. You would rarely hear anyone speaking about rial. Toman is one tenth of rial; so 100 rials equals 10 tomans. In banks and official price listing like tags, and bank notes you will see rial. At the time of writing, the exchange rate is roughly 35000 rials to 1 USD. The monetary system in Iran is going to change in the near future, so make sure you are up to date with the latest currency when you want to travel.
Let’s say some prices in Persian—it won’t be too difficult. Let’s start with 12 toman:
Davazdah toman
(slow) da – vaz – dah to - man
Davazdah toman
Now let’s go up to hundreds or thousands.
We’ve already learned that a hundred in Persian is sad.
And 200 in Persian is devist
What about “230”? In Persian we say
Devisto si
(slow) de–vis – to si
Devisto si
When you go above 200, the noun sad re-appears and stays in the same form with the number added to its beginning:
So 300 is sisad, 400 is chaharsad, and so on.
A thousand in Persian is
(slow) hezar
For 2000 or more of something, the noun hezar stays in the same form.
So 2000 would be do hezar. Remember to add the o which means “and” when you want to add the number to it.
Now for a slightly more complicated number, “5320”:
Panj hezaro sisado bist
Let’s break it down:
(slow) panj he – za – ro si – sa – do bist
Once more:
Panj hezaro sisado bist