PersianPod101.com Blog

Learn Persian with Free Daily
Audio and Video Lessons!
Start Your Free Trial 6 FREE Features

Iran Holidays: Martyrdom of Imam Reza in Iran

Martyrdom of Imam Reza

Each year, Shia Muslims remember and mourn the Martyrdom of Imam Reza in Iran. This was a great tragedy for Shia Muslims of the time, and the effects of Imam Reza’s death are still felt today.

In this article, you’ll learn a little about the history behind Imam Reza’s Martyrdom Anniversary, and how it affects Iranian culture today.

At PersianPod101.com, we aim to make every aspect of your language-learning journey both fun and informative. Let’s get started!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Persian

1. What is Imam Reza’s Martyrdom Anniversary?

On the anniversary of Imam Reza’s martyrdom, Shia Muslims deeply mourn the death and supposed murder of Imam Reza, also known as Ali Alridha.

Serving as the eighth Shia Imam from 799 A.D. to 818 A.D., following the death of his father, Imam Reza held great influence over the Abbasid Empire. So much, in fact, that he was due to take on the position of the new Caliph, replacing the current Caliph of the time.

But this current Caliph felt uncomfortable and even threatened by Imam Reza’s influence and power within the society. Many Shia Muslims today hold that this fear drove him to murder Imam Reza via poison.

Imam Reza’s murder took place in the midst of a time of hardship for Shia Muslims. Shiite revolts were rampant, and Imam Reza’s position as the new Caliph was meant to help assuage and put a stop to these problems. Unfortunately, Imam Reza didn’t live to fulfill this goal, and each year, the Shia Muslims in Iran mourn this.

2. When is the Imam Reza Martyrdom Anniversary?

The Eight Imam

The date of the Martyrdom of Imam Reza commemoration varies each year on the Gregorian calendar, taking place on the twenty-ninth or thirtieth day of the Islamic month of Safar. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years:

  • 2019: October 29
  • 2020: October 17
  • 2021: October 7
  • 2022: September 26
  • 2023: September 15
  • 2024: September 4
  • 2025: August 24
  • 2026: August 14
  • 2027: August 3
  • 2028: July 22

3. Traditions for the Anniversary of Imam Reza’s Martyrdom

haroon

As mentioned earlier, the anniversary of the Martyrdom of Imam Reza is a day of mourning.

In general, Shia Muslims tend to visit the shrine of Imam Reza in Mashhad on this day. The Imam Reza shrine is one of the most significant sites in Iran, and it’s common to find many people here in honor of Imam Reza.

4. Mashhad

Mashhad is the city in which Imam Reza was buried after his death. At the time, this city was just a village inside Khorasan Province; it was named Mashhad to reflect the man buried there, and the tragedy that caused his death. Mashhad translates to “the place of martyrdom.”

Because the shrine of Imam Reza is located here, Mashhad has become a massive tourist destination. While Shia Muslims visit this shrine by the millions as part of their mourning, it’s not uncommon to find travelers and tourists visiting this city as well.

There are a few more fascinating things about Mashhad that draw much tourist attraction:

  • It holds the tomb of Ferdowsi, a poet.
  • It’s the main hub of leather production in Iran.
  • It’s home to the “Charm Mashhad” company.

5. Vocabulary to Know for the Martyrdom of Imam Reza

Succession

Here’s some Persian vocabulary you should know for the commemoration of the Martyrdom of Imam Reza:

  • امام هشتم (emaam-e hashtom) — The eighth Imam
  • اهل بيت (ahl-e beit) — Ahlolbeit
  • هارون (haaroon) — Haroon
  • مأمون (ma’moon) — Mamoon
  • خاندان عبّاسى (khaandaan-e abbasi) — Abbasi family
  • امام رضا (emaam rezaa) — Imam Reza
  • خلافت (khelaafat) — Caliphate
  • ولايتعهدى (velaayat-e ahdi) — Succession

To hear each of these vocabulary words pronounced, and to read them alongside relevant images for enhanced comprehension, be sure to visit our Martyrdom of Imam Reza word list!

Final Thoughts

The death of the eighth Shia Imam, Ali Alridha, is considered a tragedy by Shia Muslims. The day on which they mourn and commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Reza is one of the most significant holidays in Iran.

What are your thoughts on this day of commemoration and the history behind it? Does your country have a special day to mourn or remember the death of a beloved figure? Let us know in the comments!

Learning about the history and culture of a country may be one of the most fascinating and enriching aspects of mastering its language. If you’re interested in learning more cultural information about Iran, you may want to check out the following pages on PersianPod101.com:

At PersianPod101.com, it’s our goal to make language-learning simple and as painless as possible. We provide tons of free lessons, vocabulary lists, and blog posts on both Iranian culture and the Persian language. Get started by creating a free lifetime account today!

Happy Persian learning!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Persian

How to Use Persian Numbers for Daily Usage

Thumbnail

Especially if you’re planning a prolonged visit to Iran, using the correct Persian numbers for counting in Persian could be very important! Number systems are the other alphabet in any language. In fact, it is a language all of its own, and it serves a multitude of excellent purposes.

Table of Contents

  1. A Brief History of Counting and Number Systems
  2. Why is it Important to Learn Persian Numbers?
  3. Learning Persian Numbers
  4. Why Choose PersianPod101 to Learn all about Persian Numbers?

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Count to One Billion in Persian


1. A Brief History of Counting and Number Systems

Abacus

1. The Ishango Bone

The origin of counting, and with it numbers, is not clear to historians. While their art showed that prehistoric man had a concept of numbers, the first indication of a formal system was found to be only between 20,000 and 35,000 thousand years old. This discovery came around 1960 in the form of the so-called Ishango Bone found in the Congo, Central Africa.

The 10cm/4 inch piece of bone was a fibula from a baboon. It showed markings with a neat, unified pattern of small lines - far too organized and sophisticated to have formed spontaneously. Archeologists believe that those thin markings were carved to keep score of, or count, something. The lines seemed to represent a sequence of prime numbers and a series of duplications. Some even called it the first-ever pocket calculator!

2. Mesopotamia and Greece

Yet, evidence suggests that it wasn’t until about 4,000 years ago that humans truly started counting and using numbers. Together with the development of civilization came developed agriculture, and the need for measurement and score-keeping was increased.

For this reason, a formal number system and mathematics were developed first in the Middle East, in what was then called Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia was roughly situated in the area of modern-day Iraq and Kuwait. Allegedly, the system was pretty simple at first. Citizens used tokens that represented a certain number of items, such as one token equalling four goats, etc. This eventually evolved into a system of score marks pressed into clay, which ultimately went on to influence Greek mathematics.

3. Hindu-Arabic Numbers

Zero, meanwhile, was conceived later and elsewhere. Inspired by the Hindu religion, which allows for the concept of infinity and eternity, the Indians invented a symbol to represent nothing. The magic of the zero lies not in itself but its combination with other numbers.

The Indians were also the creators of today’s numbers, which are often referred to as Hindu-Arabic numbers. These comprise one or a combination of just ten symbols or digits: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 0.

Europe learned of this numeric system only around 1200 A.D., when they were introduced to it by an Italian mathematician called Leonardo Pisano Bigollo.

Pisano, also known as Fibonacci, is famous for the discovery of a mathematical sequence with countless applications. Yes, math buffs, it’s the well-known Fibonacci sequence, also called the Golden Mean.

The Roman numeric system, which was clumsy next to the newer inventions, gradually lost popularity in the West. It’s from here that they “slowly spread to conquer the world,'’ as Steven Law puts it.


2. Why is it Important to Learn Persian Numbers?

For us at PersianPod101, this is an easy question to answer! Because we know that numbers are a global unifier.

Counting and numbers have made our lives easier since they were first formulated, even in their most primitive forms.

Numbers in Industry

Without knowing your numbers, you can’t properly communicate about or deal with the following:

1) Your date/time of birth, i.e., your age: This is vital information to be able to give to people like doctors, employers, law enforcement, and so forth.

2) Banking: Worldwide, our monetary systems are built on numbers. Interest, credit scores, and loans all rely on math beyond simple finger counting.

3) Time: Without knowing how to say numbers, you can’t talk or ask about the time and expect to get a useful response. You don’t want to miss an appointment or schedule something for the wrong hour!

4) Ordering data: Numbers bring order to a mostly random life! Scientists even say that numbers and the way they are organized underpin the whole universe. From using them to count your meals’ calories and the number of likes your posts get on social media, to drawing up intricate data charts and explaining existence itself - numbers are what makes these things possible.

All of the above and more are reasons why it is important to know your numbers if you plan on travelling or becoming a foreign worker abroad, in Iran or anywhere else!

Little Girl Counting


3. Learning Persian Numbers

Now, let’s explore the Persian number system a bit more! Take a look at this infographic.

Language Numbers

Can you make out for yourself what the Persian numbers between one (1) and nine (9) look and sound like? Easy, right?

Or, if you struggled a bit, no problem. Why not listen to how Persian numbers one (1) through ten (10) sound when pronounced by our native Persian speaker and friendly PersianPod101 teacher?

Then, share with us in the comments your native language’s romanized pronunciation of your number system. We’d love to see all the different ways the same numbers can be pronounced!

Hand With a Thumbs Up

When you have mastered the first ten numbers, you have basically nailed the most significant part of the number system. Well done! Curious to learn the numbers from eleven upward? No problem! Why not subscribe and enroll with us now to immediately enjoy this lesson, teaching you all about Persian numbers eleven (11) to one hundred (100)?

Finally, if you’re curious how the numbers look once you’ve broken one hundred, why not check out our Persian number vocabulary page? You can see the numbers we’ve just covered, all the way up to four thousand (4,000). Plus, you can also see the Persian words for different numbers used in example sentences, to get an idea of how you can use them in your day-to-day conversations!


4. Why Choose PersianPod101 to Learn all about Persian Numbers?

PersianPod101, like all Innovative Language Learning ventures, takes the pain out of learning a new language by adding a lot of fun. It’s never an easy thing to learn a new language, but we formulated all your lessons so they’re nicely bite-sized, and geared to keep you motivated!

Also, we created a great number of fantastic tools to help keep struggle and boredom out of the learning process.

  • Fun and Easy Learning: It’s a commonly-known fact that when learning is made easy and fun, student motivation rises. And as motivation rises, so does the effort to learn - what a beautiful cycle! PersianPod101’s language learning system is designed to get you speaking from the onset. Learn at your own convenience and pace with our short, effective, and fun audio podcast lessons. Our Learning Center is comprehensive and state-of-the-art, with a vibrant user community to connect with! Our lessons are recorded with native hosts and voice actors, providing a diverse range of dialects in your lessons. You can be confident that native speakers will understand you when speaking Persian!
  • Innovative Learning Tools and Apps: We make it our priority to offer you the best learning tools! These include apps for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Mac OSX; eBooks for Kindle, Nook, and iPad; audiobooks; Roku TV and so many more. This means that we took diverse lifestyles into account when we developed our courses, so you can learn anywhere, anytime on a device of your choice. How innovative!
  • Free Resources: Sharing is caring, and for this reason, we share many free resources with our students. For instance, start learning Persian with our basic online course by creating a lifetime account - for free! Also get free daily and iTunes lessons, free eBooks, free mobile apps, and free access to our blog and online community. Or how about free Vocabulary Lists? The Persian dictionary is for exclusive use by our students, also for free. There’s so much to love about PersianPod101…!
  • Live Hosts and One-on-One Learning: Knowledgeable, energetic hosts present recorded video lessons, and are available for live teaching experiences if you upgrade. This means that in the videos, you get to watch them pronounce those tongue-twisters as if you’re learning live! Add octane to your learning by upgrading to Premium Plus, and learn two times faster. You can have your very own Persian teacher always with you, ensuring that you learn what you need, when you need to - what a wonderful opportunity to master a new language in record time!
  • Start Where You Are: You don’t know a single Persian word? Not to worry, we’ve absolutely got this. Simply enroll in our Absolute Beginner Pathway and start speaking from Lesson 1! As your learning progresses, you can enroll in other pathways to match your Persian level, at your own pace, in your own time, in your own place!

So, why wait? Sign up with PersianPod101 right away! Also, let us know in the comments if you’ve used this blog post, or any of the free lessons anywhere to master Persian numbers. Or, even better - share your birthdate using what you’ve learned!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Count to One Billion in Persian

How To Post In Perfect Persian on Social Media

Thumbnail

You’re learning to speak Persian, and it’s going well. Your confidence is growing! So much so that you feel ready to share your experiences on social media—in Persian.

At Learn Persian, we make this easy for you to get it right the first time. Post like a boss with these phrases and guidelines, and get to practice your Persian in the process.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Persian

1. Talking about Your Restaurant Visit in Persian

Eating out is fun, and often an experience you’d like to share. Take a pic, and start a conversation on social media in Persian. Your friend will be amazed by your language skills…and perhaps your taste in restaurants!

Bardiyaa eats at a restaurant with his friends, posts an image of the occasion, and leaves this comment:

POST

Let’s break down Bardiyaa’s post.

خیلی خوش گذشت! جای شما خالی! (kheyli khosh gozasht! jaay-e shomaa khaali)
“Had so much fun! You were missed.”

1- خیلی‌ خوش گذشت. (kheyli khosh gozasht,)

First is an expression meaning “It was a lot of fun..”
Usually when Iranians go out for any occasion or travel somewhere, they will use this sentence upon returning to describe their pleasure of the event or trip. They also use this phrase upon leaving someone’s house upon to describe their satisfaction with the host.

2- جای شما خالی‌. (jaay-e shomaa khaali.)

Then comes the phrase - “You were missed..”
This phrase is said to a friend or family member who was missed at a friend or family’s gathering.

COMMENTS

In response, Bardiyaa’s friends leave some comments.

1- دوستان به جای ما. (doostaan be jaay-e maa.)

His neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “I’m glad you had fun there.”
This is a warm-hearted, friendly comment.

2- چرا به من خبر ندادی؟ (cheraa be man khabar nadaadi?)

His college friend, Rezaa, uses an expression meaning - “Why didn’t you let me know?”
Rezaa is being playful and frivolous.

3- همیشه خوش باشید. (hamishe khosh baashid.)

His high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “Always be happy.”
This friend is optimistic when he comments here.

4- فضای اونجا هم خیلی‌ رمانتیک بود. (fazaa-ye oonja ham kheyli romaantik bood.)

His girlfriend, Shabnam, uses an expression meaning - “The atmosphere was very romantic too. ”
Shabnam feels romantic and contributes to the conversation by showing her sensitivity to mood.

VOCABULARY

Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • خوش (khosh): “happy”
  • دوستان (doostaan): “friends”
  • چرا (cheraa): “why”
  • همیشه (hamishe): “always”
  • خالی (khaali): “empty”
  • رمانتیک (romaantik): “romantic”
  • فضا (fazaa): “space, atmosphere”
  • ما (maa): “we”
  • So, let’s practice a bit. If a friend posted something about having dinner with friends, which phrase would you use?

    Now go visit a Persian restaurant, and wow the staff with your language skills!

    2. Post about Your Mall Visit in Persian

    Another super topic for social media is shopping—everybody does it, most everybody loves it, and your friends on social media are probably curious about your shopping sprees! Share these Persian phrases in posts when you visit a mall.

    Shabnam shop with her sister at the mall, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Shabnam’s post.

    یه سلفی با خواهرجان تو مرکز خرید! (ye selfi baa khaahar jaan too markaz-e kharid!)
    “A selfie with my dear sister at the shopping mall!”

    1- یه سلفی (ye selfi)

    First is an expression meaning “A selfie.”
    In Persian some words, like “selfi,” are borrowed from English.

    2- با خواهرجان تو مرکز خرید (baa khaahar jaan too markaz-e kharid)

    Then comes the phrase - “with my dear sister at the shopping mall.”
    In Persian there are words with silent letters in them, just like the word “knight” in English. In the word خواهر, khaahar (”sister” ), the letter و, v isn’t pronounced.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Shabnam’s friends leave some comments.

    1- چقدر آبی بهت میاد شبنم جون! (cheqadr aabi behet miyaad shabnam joon!)

    Her neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “How good you look in blue, dear Shabnam.”
    Use this expression to show you are feeling warmhearted, and compliments are always welcome!

    2- چه خانومای زیبایی! (che khaanoomaa-ye zibaa-yi!)

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “Very beautiful, ladies!”
    He is optimistic and appreciative of the girls’ spree.

    3- برای من چی گرفتی؟ (baraaye man chi gerefti?)

    Her high school friend, Samiraa, uses an expression meaning - “What did you get for me? ”
    This expression is humorous and Samira wants to joke around a bit.

    4- یه عکس دسته جمعی‌ هم بگیریم. (ye aks-e dastejam’i ham begirim.)

    Her boyfriend, Bardiyaa, uses an expression meaning - “Let’s take a picture all (of us) together.”
    Perhaps Bardiyaa is there with them?…!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • خواهر (khaahar): “sister”
  • آبی‌ (aabi): “blue”
  • زیبا (zibaa): “beautiful”
  • من (man): “I”
  • برای (baraay-e): “for “
  • چی (chi): “what”
  • چقدر (cheghadr): “how much, how many”
  • دسته جمعی‌ (daste jam’i): “all (of us) together”
  • So, if a friend posted something about going shopping, which phrase would you use?

    3. Talking about a Sport Day in Persian

    Sports events, whether you’re the spectator or the sports person, offer fantastic opportunity for great social media posts. Learn some handy phrases and vocabulary to start a sport-on-the-beach conversation in Persian.

    Bardiyaa plays with his friends at the beach, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Bardiyaa’s post.

    و بالاخره والیبال ساحلی! (va belakhare vaalibaal-e saaheli!)
    “And finally, beach volleyball.”

    1- و بالاخره (va belakhare)

    First is an expression meaning “and finally.”
    بالاخره, belakhare (”finally” ) is a borrowed word from Arabic.

    2- والیبال ساحلی (vaalibal-e saaheli)

    Then comes the phrase - “beach volleyball.”
    The names of most Western sports in Iran are borrowed from English, with either the same or a slightly different pronunciation. والیبال, vaalibaal (”volleyball” ) is one of them.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Bardiyaa’s friends leave some comments.

    1- بازم بی من! (Baazam bi man!)

    His college friend, Rezaa, uses an expression meaning - “Again, without me!”
    Rezaa is playfully complaining - he clearly wants to be part of the action!

    2- خیلی خوش گذشت! (kheily khosh gozasht!)

    His high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “It was a lot of fun.”
    This optimistic comment is a nice way to contribute to the conversation.

    3- همه ی بدنم درد میکنه! (hame-ye badanam dard mikone.)

    His girlfriend, Shabnam, uses an expression meaning - “My whole body is sore.”
    Shabnam complains a bit - an apt comment after hard exercise!

    4- یکی به من بگه اینجا چه خبره؟ (yeki be man bege injaa che khabare?)

    His girlfriend’s high school friend, Samiraa, uses an expression meaning - “Someone tell me what’s going on in here?”
    Perhaps Samiraa is upset because she wasn’t invited?…!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • والیبال (vaalibaal): “volleyball”
  • بازم(باز هم) (baazam (baaz ham)): “again”
  • خیلی‌ (kheyli): “very”
  • درد (dard): “pain, soreness, sore”
  • خبر (khabar): “news”
  • اینجا (injaa): “here, in here”
  • گذشتن (gozashtan): “pass”
  • بدنم (badanam): “my body”
  • Which phrase would you use if a friend posted something about sports?

    But sport is not the only thing you can play! Play some music, and share it on social media.

    4. Share a Song on Social Media in Persian

    Music is the language of the soul, they say. So, don’t hold back—share what touches your soul with your friends!

    Shabnam shares a song she just heard at a party, posts an image of the artist, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Shabnam’s post.

    اینو گوش بدید. شگفت انگیزه. (in-o goosh bedid, shegeft angize.)
    “Listen to this. It’s amazing.”

    1- اینو[(این رو)/(این را)] گوش بدید(بدهید). (Ino[(in ro)/(in raa)] goosh bedid(goosh bedahid) )

    First is an expression meaning “Listen to this.”
    گوش بدید, goosh bedid, (”listen” ) literally means “give your ear.” This is similar to “listen” in English.

    2- شگفت انگیزه ( شگفت انگیز است). (Shegeft angize (shegeft angiz ast).)

    Then comes the phrase - “It’s amazing / It’s wonderful.”
    شگفت , Shegeft, (”Surprise” ) + انگیز , angiz, (”Exciting,” “stimulating” ) = شگفت انگیز, shegeft angiz. Literally this means “exciting and surprising.” The closest translation in English would be “wonderful” or “amazing.”

    COMMENTS

    In response, Shabnam’s friends leave some comments.

    1- این آهنگ عروسی عمه ام بود. (in aahang-e aroosi-ye amme-am bood.)

    Her high school friend, Samiraa, uses an expression meaning - “It was my aunty’s wedding song.”
    Samiraa is contributing to the conversation by sharing a personal detail.

    2- مرسی شبنم جون! (mersi shabnam joon!)

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “Thanks, dear Shabnam!”
    This optimistic comment shows appreciation.

    3- نمی تونم دانلودش کنم. (nemitoonam daanlodesh konam.)

    Her college friend, Rezaa, uses an expression meaning - “I can’t download it.”
    Rezaa is experiencing problems - perhaps someone can help her?

    4- خیلی شاده. مرسی عزیزم! (kheyli shaade. mersi azizam!)

    Her neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “So upbeat. Thanks, honey.”
    This friendly, appreciative comment shows what Bahaar thinks of the song.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • شگفت انگیز (shegeft angiz): “amazing”
  • عروسی‌ (aroosi): “wedding”
  • مرسی‌ (mersi): “Thanks!”
  • توانستن (tavaanestan): “can, be able to”
  • عزیز (aziz): “dear, darling, babe”
  • این (in): “this”
  • آهنگ (aahang): “song”
  • عمه (amme): “aunt (father’s sister)”
  • Which song would you share? And what would you say to a friend who posted something about sharing music or videos?

    Now you know how to start a conversation about a song or a video on social media!

    5. Persian Social Media Comments about a Concert

    Still on the theme of music—visiting live concerts and shows just have to be shared with your friends. Here are some handy phrases and vocab to wow your followers in Persian!

    Bardiyaa goes to a concert, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Bardiyaa’s post.

    بازهم پخش صدای سالن کنسرت خوب نبود. (baaz ham pakhsh-e sedaa-ye saalon-e konsert khoob nabood.)
    “Again, the concert hall’s sound system wasn’t good.”

    1- بازهم پخش صدای سالن (baaz ham pakhsh-e sedaay-e saalon)

    First is an expression meaning “Again the concert hall’s sound system.”
    Sound system can be translated to Persian as سیستم پخش صدا , system-e pakhsh-e sedaa, or just پخش صدا pakhshe sedaa, which is “sound distributing.”

    2- خوب نبود. (khoob nabood)

    Then comes the phrase - “was not good..”
    خوب نبود, khoob nabood, (”was not good” ). It’s used the same way as in English.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Bardiyaa’s friends leave some comments.

    1- خوب شد ما ردیف سوم بودیم. (khoob shod maa radif-e sevvom boodim.)

    His college friend, Rezaa, uses an expression meaning - “It was good that we were in the third row.”
    Rezaa agrees with Bardiyaa about the sound, but he looks for the silver lining around the dark cloud - at least they could hear the music!

    2- حیف! (heif!)

    His supervisor, Mohammad, uses an expression meaning - “What a pity!”
    This is a slightly old-fashioned but still appropriate comment of commiseration with their plight.

    3- البته من خیلی پشیمون نیستم چون بلیط کنسرت گرون نبود! (albate man kheyli pashimoon nistam chon belit-e konsert geroon nabood!)

    His high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “I don’t regret it much though, because the concert ticket wasn’t expensive!”
    This is an optimistic expression.

    4- دارم فکر می‌کنم کی‌ می‌‌خوان پخش صدای سالن کنسرت رو درست کنن. (daaram fekr mikonam key mikhaan pakhsh-e sedaa-ye saalon-e konsert ro dorost konan.)

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Sinaa, uses an expression meaning - “I’m wondering when they’re going to fix the concert hall’s sound system.”
    Sinaa is not feeling very positive here, is he?

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • سالن (saalon): “hall”
  • بازهم (baaz ham): “again”
  • پخش صدا (paksh-e sedaa): “sound distribution”
  • شدن (shodan): “become, get”
  • ردیف (radif): “row”
  • پشیمان بودن (pashimaan boodan): “regret”
  • جدید (jadid): “new”
  • درست کردن (dorost kardan): “fix”
  • If a friend posted something about a concert , which phrase would you use?

    6. Talking about an Unfortunate Accident in Persian

    Oh dear. You broke something by accident. Use these Persian phrases to start a thread on social media. Or maybe just to let your friends know why you are not contacting them!

    Shabnam accidentally breaks her mobile phone, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Shabnam’s post.

    آیفونم افتاد و شکست. (aayfonam oftaad-o shekast.)
    “My iPhone fell and broke.”

    1- آیفونم افتاد (aayfonam oftaad)

    First is an expression meaning “My iPhone fell.”
    افتاد, oftaad, (”fell” ) is the past tense of the verb افتادن, oftaadan, (”to fall” ), conjugated in the third person singular.

    2- و شکست. (va shekast.)

    Then comes the phrase - “and broke..”
    شکست, shekast, (”broke” ) is the past tense of the verb , شکستن, shekastan, (’to break'’ ), conjugated in the third person singular.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Shabnam’s friends leave some comments.

    1- وااااای، نه، کی اینجوری شد؟ (vaaaaay, na, key injoori shod?)

    Her neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “Oh, no. When did it happen?”
    Warm-hearted Bahaar is showing her empathy with Shabnam’s situation.

    2- دختر بی‌ حواس! (dokhtar-e bi-havaas!)

    Her high school friend, Samiraa, uses an expression meaning - “Careless girl!”
    Samiraa chooses to lightly tease and make fun of her friend.

    3- ناراحت نباش، آیفون ۷ می‌‌گیری! (naaraahat nabaash, aayfon-e seven migiri.)

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “Don’t be upset; you’ll get an iPhone 7.”
    Shaghaayegh is optimistic that this unfortunate accident could turn out well for Shabnam.

    4- دفعه ی اولت نیست !(daf’e-ye avvalet nist!)

    Her college friend, Rezaa, uses an expression meaning - “It’s not your first time!”
    Rezaa needs to remind Shabnam of a previous accident - not sure how this makes anything easier on Shabnam! Perhaps she’s being frivolous?

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • آیفون (aayfon): “iPhone”
  • کی‌ (Kei): “when”
  • دختر (dokhtar): “girl”
  • ناراحت شدن (naaraahat shodan): “be upset”
  • گرفتن (gereftan): “get, buy”
  • بی‌ حواس (bihavaas): “careless, absent-minded”
  • وای (vaay): “ohhh, oops”
  • دفعه (daf’e): “time”
  • If a friend posted something about having broken something by accident, which phrase would you use?

    So, now you know how to describe an accident in Persian. Well done!

    7. Chat about Your Boredom on Social Media in Persian

    Sometimes, we’re just bored with how life goes. And to alleviate the boredom, we write about it on social media. Add some excitement to your posts by addressing your friends and followers in Persian!

    Bardiyaa gets bored at home, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Bardiyaa’s post.

    یه جمعهٔ بارونیه و من کسلم . (ye jom’e-ye baarooni-ye-o man keselam.)
    “It’s a rainy Friday and I’m weary.”

    1- یه (یک) جمعهٔ بارونیه (بارانی است) (ye (yek) jom’e-ye baarooniye (baaraani ast) )

    First is an expression meaning “It’s a rainy Friday.”
    جمعه , jom’e (”Friday” ) is an off day in Iran. On Fridays, people go out and spend time with friends, family, or join an activity. But if it rains, they prefer to stay at home. So جمعهٔ بارونی , jom’e-ye barooni, (’rainy Friday’ ) is synonymous with “a boring day”.

    2- و من کسلم (کسل هستم). (va man keselam(kesel hastam).)

    Then comes the phrase - “and I’m weary..”
    کسل بودن kesel boodan, (”to be weary”, “to be bored” ). کسل, kesel, is an Arabic word. كسالت داشتن, kesaalat daashtan, (”to have an illness,” “to be sick” ) is a fairly formal and honorific term. كسل, kesel, (”sick,” “weary,” “lazy,” “slothful” ) is an adjective, and كسالت, kesaalat, (”sickness,” “laziness,” “weariness,” “boredom” ) is the noun form of the adjective.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Bardiyaa’s friends leave some comments.

    1- دوست داری بریم بیلیارد بازی کنیم؟ (doost dari berim bilyaard baazi konim?)

    His college friend, Rezaa, uses an expression meaning - “Would you like to go play pool?”
    Rezaa proposes a solution - well done!

    2- صدای بارون رو خیلی‌ دوست دارم. (sedaa-ye baaroon ro kheyli doost daaram.)

    His girlfriend, Shabnam, uses an expression meaning - “I love the sound of rain.”
    Shabnam is sensitive to the mood again, pointing out something positive about the weather.

    3- بارون بند اومد! (baaroon band oomad.)

    His high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “Rain, let up!”
    This is not a negative statement, but an upbeat comment to order the weather!

    4- وقت خوبیه برای انجام پروژه ی کلاسیتون! (vaqt-e khoobi-ye baraay-e anjaam-e prozhe-ye kelaasi-toon!)

    His supervisor, Mohammad, uses an expression meaning - “It’s a good time to do your class project!”
    The voice of authority, Mohammad feels the need to give advice with a slightly old-fashioned comment.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • بارونی‌ (بارانی) (baarooni (baaraani)): “rainy”
  • بیلیارد (bilyaard): “pool (the game)”
  • جمعه (jom’e): “Friday”
  • بند آمدن (band aamadan): “let up, stop”
  • وقت (vaqt): “time”
  • انجام (anjaam): “doing, carrying out”
  • بازی کردن (baazi kardan): “play”
  • پروژه (prozhe): “project”
  • If a friend posted something about being bored, which phrase would you use?

    Still bored? Share another feeling and see if you can start a conversation!

    8. Exhausted? Share It on Social Media in Persian

    Sitting in public transport after work, feeling like chatting online? Well, converse in Persian about how you feel, and let your friends join in!

    Shabnam feels exhausted after a long day at work, posts an image of herself looking tired, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Shabnam’s post.

    پایان یک روز شلوغ و خسته کننده! (paayaan-e yek rooz-e sholoogh va khaste konande!)
    “The end of a busy and tiring day.”

    1- پایان (paayaan-e)

    First is an expression meaning “The end of.”
    پایان , paayaan means “the end,” but when we use it in a phrase we add “e” at the end of it. پایان , Paayaan-e means “the end of ….”

    2- یک روز شلوغ و خسته کننده! (yek rooz-e shooloogh va khaste konande)

    Then comes the phrase - “a busy and tiring day.”
    خسته کننده, khaste konande, (”tiring,” “exhausting” ) can be caused by hard labor or mental work, or because of a slow and unproductive day.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Shabnam’s friends leave some comments.

    1- خدا قوت! (khodaa ghov-vat!)

    Her neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “God give you strength!”
    A warm-hearted wish!

    2- خسته نباشی! (khaste nabaashi!)

    Her college friend, Rezaa, uses an expression meaning - “I hope you’re not tired/Hope you are well”
    Another positive wish, Rezaa is being a good friend.

    3- شبنم میام دنبالت بریم کافه. (shabnam miyaam donbaalet berim kaafe.)

    Her boyfriend, Bardiyaa, uses an expression meaning - “Shabnam, I’ll pick you up (on my way) to the cafe.”
    What a supportive boyfriend! Bardiyaa feels determined to help her.

    4- امیدوارم امشب خوب بخوابی! (omidvaaram emshab khoob bekhaabi!)

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “I hope you sleep well tonight!”
    Another positive, optimistic wish for the tired lady.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • پایان (paayaan): “end”
  • خدا (khodaa): “God”
  • شلوغ (sholoogh): “busy, crowded”
  • کافه (kaafe): “cafe”
  • خسته کننده (khaste konande): “tiring, exhausting”
  • قوت (ghov-vat): “strength”
  • خوب خوابیدن (khoob khaabidan): “sleep well, sleep tight”
  • شب (shab): “night”
  • If a friend posted something about being exhausted, which phrase would you use?

    Now you know how to say you’re exhausted in Persian! Well done.

    9. Talking about an Injury in Persian

    So life happens, and you manage to hurt yourself during a soccer game. Very Tweet-worthy! Here’s how to do it in Persian.

    Bardiyaa suffers a painful injury, posts an image of his knee, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Bardiyaa’s post.

    زانوی راستم آسیب دیده. (zaanooy-e raastam aasib dide.)
    “My right knee is injured. ”

    1- زانوی راستم (zaanoo-ye raastam)

    First is an expression meaning “My right knee.”
    زانو, zaanoo, (”knee” ) +ی, ye + راست, raast, (”right” ) + م, am, (”my” ) = “my right knee.” In Persian, the adjective comes after the noun. And since the first word in this phrase ends in ‘و’, oo, we need a linking ی, ye, to ease the pronunciation.

    2- آسیب دیده (دیده است). (aasib dide(dide ast). )

    Then comes the phrase - “has been injured..”
    آسیب , aasib, (”damage,” “injury” ) + دیده, dide, (”has seen” ) = آسیب دیده , aasib dide. Literally it means “has seen damage.” It can be translated to “has/have been injured,” “has/have been damaged.”

    COMMENTS

    In response, Bardiyaa’s friends leave some comments.

    1- خیلی درد میکنه؟ (kheyli dard mikone?)

    His neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “Does it hurt a lot?”
    Warm-hearted Bahaar expresses concern.

    2- پس برنامه کوه این هفته کنسله؟ (pas barnaame-ye kooh-e in hafte kansele?)

    His college friend, Rezaa, uses an expression meaning - “So this week’s mountain climbing plans are cancelled?”
    Rezaa points out an unfortunate consequence of this injury.

    3- فکر کنم حالا حالاها خوب نشه. (fekr konam haalaa haalaa-haa khoob nashe.)

    His girlfriend’s nephew, Sinaa, uses an expression meaning - “I suppose it’s not going to get well for a very long time.”
    Sinaa is not feeling very optimistic about this, is he?

    4- امیدوارم زود خوب شی! (omidvaaram zood khoob-shi!)

    His high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “I hope you get well soon!”
    Shaghaayegh is leaves a friendly, optimistic wish.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • زانو (zaanoo): “knee”
  • هفته (hafte): “week”
  • آسیب (aasib): “injury, damage”
  • درد کردن (dard): “hurt, be painful”
  • برنامه (barnaame): “plan, program”
  • کنسل (kansel): “canceled”
  • حالا حالا ها (haalaa haalaa haa): “yet, still, long way to go”
  • خوب شدن (khoob shodan): “get well, recover”
  • If a friend posted something about being injured, which phrase would you use?

    We love to share our fortunes and misfortunes; somehow that makes us feel connected to others.

    10. Starting a Conversation Feeling Disappointed in Persian

    Sometimes things don’t go the way we planned. Share your feelings about this with your friends!

    Shabnam feels disappointed about today’s weather, posts an appropriate image of the rain, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Shabnam’s post.

    انگار این بارون نمی خواد بند بیاد. (engaar in baaroon nemikhaad band biaad.)
    “Looks like this rain doesn’t want to let up.”

    1- این بارون (باران) (in baraoon (baaraan))

    First is an expression meaning “This rain.”
    بارون , baaroon, (”rain” ) is the colloquial form of باران, baaraan. In spoken Persian, you see this pattern a lot.

    2- انگار نمی خواد (نمی‌ خواهد) بند بیاد (بیاید). (engaar nemikhaad (nemikhaahad) band biyaad (biyaayad).)

    Then comes the phrase - “Looks like it does not want to stop..”
    انگار, engaar, (”looks like,” “it seems” ). گویا , gooyaa, is its formal synonym, which can be translated to “as if” in English. انگار, engaar, is the present tense of the verb انگاریدن, engaaridan, (”to imagine,” “to assume,” “to think” ).

    COMMENTS

    In response, Shabnam’s friends leave some comments.

    1- دلم برای روز‌های آفتابی تنگ شده. (delam baraa-ye rooz-haa-ye aaftaabi tang shode.)

    Her neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “I miss sunny days.”
    Bahaar shares a personal detail - a great way to keep a conversation going!

    Her nephew, Sinaa, uses an expression meaning - “A pity we can’t go shopping.”
    Sinaa is feeling disappointed too but for a different reason.

    3- پرده ها رو بکش، بشین، و یه فیلم تماشا کن. (parde-haa ro bekesh, beshin, va ye film tamaashaa kon.)

    Her boyfriend, Bardiyaa, uses an expression meaning - “Close the curtains, sit down, and watch a movie!”
    Bardiyaa gives advice to cheer up her spirit.

    4- هواشناسی گفت از فردا هوا آفتابی میشه. (havaa shenaasi goft az fardaa havaa aaftaabi mishe.)

    Her boyfriend’s high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “Weather forecast said it’ll be sunny tomorrow.”
    Shaghaayegh is optimistic that the weather will change!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • این (in): “this”
  • دل کسی برای چیزی تنگ شدن (del-e kasi baraay-e chizi tang shodan): “miss something”
  • خرید (kharid): “shopping”
  • فیلم (film): “movie, film”
  • فردا (fardaa): “tomorrow”
  • هواشناسی (سازمان هواشناسی) (havaa shenaasi): “weather forecast (Meteorological Organization)”
  • هوا (havaa): “weather, air”
  • تماشا کردن (tamaashaa kardan): “watch, see”
  • How would you comment in Persian when a friend is disappointed?

    Not all posts need to be about a negative feeling, though!

    11.Talking about Your Relationship Status in Persian

    Don’t just change your relationship status in Settings, talk about it!

    Bardiyaa changes his status to “In a relationship”, posts an image of him and Shabnam together, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Bardiyaa’s post.

    با داشتن شبنم من خوشبخت‌ ترین مرد روی زمینم. (baa daashtan-e shabnam man khoshbakht tarin mard-e roo-ye zaminam.)
    “Being with Shabnam makes me the most fortunate man on the earth.”

    1- با داشتن شبنم (baa daashtan-e shabnam)

    First is an expression meaning “Being with Shabnam.”
    داشتن, daashtan, (”having” ) is the gerund form of the verb “to have.” Here داشتن means “Being with someone”.

    2- من خوشبخت‌ ترین مرد روی زمینم (زمین هستم). (man khoshbakht tarin mard-e roo-ye zaminam (zamin hastam). )

    Then comes the phrase - “I’m the most fortunate man on the earth.”
    خوشبخت ترین, khoshbakht tarin, (”the most fortunate” ). خوشبخت , khoshbakht, (”fortunate” ) + ترین, tarin, (”the most…”/ “the…est” ). Making a superlative adjective is easy in Persian. Just add tarin to the adjective. شادترین, shaad tarin, (”the happiest” ), سردترین, sard tarin, (”the coldest” ).

    COMMENTS

    In response, Bardiyaa’s friends leave some comments.

    1- چه خبر خوبی‌! (che khabar-e khoobi!)

    His high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “Such a good news!”
    This is a positive, optimistic comment which is very appropriate for the occasion.

    2- تو زندگی منی! (to zendegi-ye mani!)

    His girlfriend, Shabnam, uses an expression meaning - “You’re my life!”
    Shabnam expresses her deep devotion with this comment.

    3- مبارک باشه! (mobaarak baashe!)

    His college friend, Rezaa, uses an expression meaning - “Congratulations!”
    Rezaa is feeling optimistic and happy for the couple.

    4- شما دوتا برای همدیگه ساخته شدید! (shomaa do taa baraaye hamdige saakhte shodid.)

    His neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “You two were made for each other!”
    This is clearly a good match - everyone is happy about it!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • زمین (zamin): “the earth”
  • داشتن (daashtan): “to have/ having”
  • زندگی (zendegi): “life”
  • شما (shomaa): “you (second person plural)”
  • مبارک بودن (mobaarak boodan): “(lit.) wish to be happy and blessed”
  • من (man): “my, I”
  • همدیگه (همدیگر) (hamdige (hamdigar)): “each other, one another”
  • ساخته شدن (saakhte shodan): “be made”
  • What would you say in Persian when a friend changes their relationship status?

    Being in a good relationship with someone special is good news - don’t be shy to spread it!

    12. Post about Getting Married in Persian

    Wow, so things got serious, and you’re getting married. Congratulations! Or, your friend is getting married, so talk about this in Persian.

    Shabnam is getting married today, so she leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Shabnam’s post.

    برای همهٔ شما عشق آرزو می کنم! (baraaye hame-ye shomaa eshgh aarezoo mikonam!)
    “I wish love for all of you!”

    1- برای همهٔ شما (baraaye hame-ye shomaa)

    First is an expression meaning “For all of you.”
    برای همهٔ شما , baraay-e hame-ye shomaa, (”for all of you” ). In this phrase, the word order is the same in Persian as it is in English. However, this clause comes before the verb clause in Persian.

    2- عشق آرزو می کنم. (eshgh aarezoo mikonam)

    Then comes the phrase - “I wish love.”
    آرزو می کنم, aarezoo mikonam, (”I wish” ). The direct object, عشق, eshgh, (”love” ) comes before the verb.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Shabnam’s friends leave some comments.

    1- مبارک باشه! براتون آرزوی خوشبختی‌ می‌کنم! (mobaarak baashe! baraatoon aarezoo-ye khosh bakhti mikonam!)

    Her neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “Congratulations! I wish you happiness!”
    This is a common, warmhearted wish.

    2- من هنوز امیدوارم که عروس بعدی من هستم! (man hanooz omidvaaram ke aroos-e ba’di man hastam.)

    Her high school friend, Samiraa, uses an expression meaning - “I still hope that I’m the next bride!”
    Samiraa expresses a personal hope, always a good contribution to the conversation.

    3- ازدواجتان مبارک! (ezdevaajetaan mobaarak!)

    Her supervisor, Mohammad, uses an expression meaning - “Happy married life!”
    A common and somewhat old-fashioned well-wish, this still serves its good purpose.

    4- زیباترین عروس و شیک ترین داماد! (zibaa-tarin aroos va shik-tarin daamaad!)

    Her husband’s high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “The most beautiful bride and the most stylish groom!”
    Shaghaayegh is feeling optimistic and happy for the couple, thinking they are looking gorgeous.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • عشق (eshgh): “love”
  • خوشبخت (khoshbakht): “fortunate, blessed, happy “
  • آرزو کردن (aarezoo kardan): “wish”
  • امیدوار (omidvaar): “hopeful”
  • عروس (aroos): “bride”
  • داماد (daamaad): “groom”
  • زیبا (zibaa): “beautiful”
  • شیک (shik): “stylish, dapper”
  • How would you respond in Persian to a friend’s post about getting married?

    For the next topic, fast forward about a year into the future after the marriage…

    13. Announcing Big News in Persian

    Wow, huge stuff is happening in your life! Announce it in Persian.

    Bardiyaa finds out he and his wife are going to have a baby, posts an image of them together, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Bardiyaa’s post.

    به زودی پدر میشم. (be zoodi pedar misham)
    “I’ll become a father soon”

    1- به زودی (be zoodi)

    First is an expression meaning “Soon.”
    به زودی, be zoodi, (”soon” ) is used exactly as it is used in English.

    2- پدر میشم (میشوم) . (pedar misham(mishavam))

    Then comes the phrase - “I’ll become a father.”
    پدر میشم, pedar misham, (”I’ll become a father” ). میشم, misham, is the colloquial form of میشوم, mishavam. The v is dropped to ease the pronunciation.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Bardiyaa’s friends leave some comments.

    1- اگردختر بود اسمشو بذارید سمیرا! (agar dokhtar bood esmesho bezaarid samiraa.)

    His wife’s high school friend, Samiraa, uses an expression meaning - “If it’s a girl, name her Samiraa!”
    Samiraa is in a mood to joke around a bit.

    2- مبارک باشه! بچه‌ها زندگی تون رو شیرین تر می‌‌کنن. (mobaarak baashe bache-haa zendegi-toon ro shirin-tar mikonan.)

    His high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “Congratulations! Kids make your life sweeter.”
    A solid congratulation with a lovely opinion about children.

    3- الان خوب بخواب، شاید این آخرین شانست در چند سال آینده باشه! (alaan khoob bekhaab, shaayad in aakharin shaanset dar chand saal-e aayande baashe!)

    His nephew, Sinaa, uses an expression meaning - “Sleep well now; it might be your last chance for the next few years!”
    Sinaa is bringing reality to the conversation, which is nevertheless not inappropriate!

    4- تبریک میگم! براتون سلامتی و شادی آرزو می‌کنم! (tabrik migam! baraatoon salaamati va shaadi aarezoo mikonam!)

    His neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “Congratulations! I wish you health and happiness!”
    A common, friendly wish.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • پدر (pedar): “father”
  • اسم گذاشتن (esm gozaashtan): “name”
  • شیرین (shirin): “sweet”
  • بچه (bach-che): “kid, baby”
  • آخر (aakhar): “last”
  • سلامتی (salaamati): “health”
  • به زودی (be zoodi): “soon”
  • شادی (shaadi): “happiness”
  • Which phrase would you choose when a friend announces their pregnancy on social media?

    So, talking about a pregnancy will get you a lot of traction on social media. But wait till you see the responses to babies!

    14. Posting Persian Comments about Your Baby

    Your bundle of joy is here, and you cannot keep quiet about it! Share your thoughts in Persian.

    Shabnam plays with her baby, posts an image of the cherub, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Shabnam’s post.

    فریبای زیبای ما! (faribaa-ye zibaa-ye maa!)
    “Our beautiful Fariba!”

    1- فریبای زیبای (faribaa-ye zibaa-ye)

    First is an expression meaning “Beautiful Fariba.”
    فریبای زیبا, Faribaa-ye zibaa, (”beautiful Fariba” ) . Because the first word ends in “ا”, aa, we need the linking ی, ye, to ease the pronunciation.

    2- ما (maa)

    Then comes the phrase - “we / our / us .”
    maa, (”we” / “our”/ “us” ). Depending on the context it means we , our or us. Examples: ما می‌‌رویم, maa miravim, (”we go” ), کشور ما , keshvar-e maa, (”our country” ), برای ما , baraaye maa, (”for us” ).

    COMMENTS

    In response, Shabnam’s friends leave some comments.

    1- قدم نورسیده مبارک! (ghadam-e noreside mobaarak!)

    Her neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “May the arrival of your newborn be blessed!”
    Bahaar pronounces a positive blessing over the newcomer.

    2- امیدوارم قدش از بردیا بلندتر نشه! (omidvaaram ghad-desh az bardiyaa bolandtar nashe.)

    Her nephew, Sinaa, uses an expression meaning - “I hope she won’t get taller than Bardia.”
    Sinaa is hoping for a short addition to the family, which is just a way of making conversation.

    3- تبریک! (Tabrik!)

    Her supervisor, Mohammad, uses an expression meaning - “Congratulations!”
    Old-fashioned but still a good comment to leave.

    4- چه خوش خنده! ماشاالله! (che khosh khande! maashaa’al-laah!)

    Her husband’s high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “What a cheerful laugh! Masha Allah (”God has willed it!,” expression of amazement and admiration)!”
    This is a positive comment on the baby’s laugh, and by announcing that (presumably) the baby’s birth was God’s will, Shaghaayegh shows his amazement and admiration.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • ما (maa): “we, our, us”
  • قدم (ghadam): “step, foot (here it means “the arrival” )”
  • نو رسیده (no reside): “newborn”
  • تبریک (tabrik): “Congratulations! “
  • خنده (khande): “laughter, laugh”
  • قد (ghad): “height”
  • بلند (boland): “tall, high”
  • ماشاالله (maashaa’allaah): “God has willed it! (expression of amazement and admiration)”
  • If your friend is the mother or father, which phrase would you use on social media?

    Congratulations, you know the basics of chatting about a baby in Persian! But we’re not done with families yet…

    15. Persian Comments about a Family Reunion

    Family reunions - some you love, some you hate. Share about it on your feed.

    Bardiyaa goes to a family gathering, posts an image of the event, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Bardiyaa’s post.

    مهمانی خانواد‌گی و غذاهای خوشمزه! (mehmaani-ye khaanevaadegi va ghazaa-haa-ye khoshmazze!)
    “Family party and delicious dishes!”

    1- مهمانی خانواد‌گی (mehmaani-ye khaanevaadegi)

    First is an expression meaning “Family party.”
    مهمانی خانواد‌گی , mehmaani-ye khaanevaadegi, (” family party” / “family reunion” ) are very common in Iran. Relatives are very important as well as the immediate family members. Family reunions always come with good food and talking about social and political issues.

    2- و غذاهای خوشمزه (va ghazaahaa-ye khoshmazze)

    Then comes the phrase - “and delicious dishes.”
    خوشمزه, khoshmazze, (”delicious,” “yummy” ) is made up of two words. خوش , khosh (”good,” “pleasant” ) + مزه , mazze (”taste,” “flavor” ) = خوشمزه, khoshmazze, (”delicious” )

    COMMENTS

    In response, Bardiyaa’s friends leave some comments.

    1- دستپخت شبنم عالیه! (dastpokht-e shabnam aaliye!)

    His neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “Shabnam’s cooking is great!”
    A warmhearted comment that’s also a compliment.

    2- بهترین لحظه ها را با عزیزانم داشتم! (behtarin lahzeh haa raa baa azizanam daashtam!)

    His wife, Shabnam, uses an expression meaning - “I had the best moments with my loved ones!”
    Shabnam feels grateful and appreciative of her family.

    3- هیچ چیز با ارزش تر از یک جمع گرم خانوادگی نیست! (hich chiz baa-arzesh-tar az yek jam’e garm-e khaanevaadegi nist!)

    His high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “There’s nothing more valuable than a warm family gathering!”
    Another positive expression about the importance of family.

    4- چیزی از غذاهای خوشمزه برای من نگه داشتین؟ (chizi az ghazaa-haa-ye khoshmazze baraaye man negah daashtin?)

    His wife’s high school friend, Samiraa, uses an expression meaning - “Did you save any of those delicious dishes for me?”
    Samiraa is joking around a bit with her friend, and in this way compliments the cooking!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • مهمانی (mehmaani): “party”
  • غذا (ghazaa): “dish, food “
  • خانواده (khaanevaade): “family”
  • دستپخت (dastpokht): “cooking”
  • عالی‌ (aali): “great, excellent”
  • با ارزش (baa arzesh): “valuable”
  • هیچ چیز/چیزی (hich chiz/ chizi): “nothing, anything, something”
  • لحظه (lahze): “moment”
  • Which phrase is your favorite to comment on a friend’s photo about a family reunion?

    16. Post about Your Travel Plans in Persian

    So, the family are going on holiday. Do you know to post and leave comments in Persian about being at the airport, waiting for a flight?

    Shabnam and her family wait at the airport for her flight, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Shabnam’s post.

    سفری که بی صبرانه منتظرش بودیم. (safari ke bisabraane montazerash boodim.)
    “The trip that we were impatiently looking forward to.”

    1- سفری که (safari ke)

    First is an expression meaning “The trip that.”
    سفری , safari, (”a trip” ) = سفر , safar, (”trip’ ) + ی , y, (long “i” sound as in “seed” ). The article “a” in Persian is shown by adding ی, ye to the end of a noun. Examples: مردی , mardi, (”a man” ). کتابی, ketaabi, (”a book” ). کفشی , kafshi, (”a shoe” ).

    2- بی صبرانه منتظرش بودیم (bi sabraane montazerash boodim. )

    Then comes the phrase - “We were waiting for impatiently / We were waiting impatiently for .”
    بی صبرانه منتظرش بودیم , bi sabraane montazerash boodim = بی, bi, (”without” ) + صبر , sabr, (”patience” ) + انه, aane, (a suffix that forms adverbs from adjectives) + منتظر , montazer, (”waiting for,” “expecting” ) + ش, ash, (pronoun “it” ) بودیم, boodim (”we were” ).

    COMMENTS

    In response, Shabnam’s friends leave some comments.

    1- خوش بگذره! (khosh begzare!)

    Her neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “Have fun!”
    A common well-wish for this occasion.

    2- سفر خوبی داشته باشید! (Safar-e khoobi daashte baashid.)

    Her supervisor, Mohammad, uses an expression meaning - “Have a nice trip.”
    Mohammad is using another common expression to wish the travellers well.

    3- میگن اون طرفا طوفان زیاد میاد! (migan oon tarafaa toofaan ziyaad miyaad!)

    Her nephew, Sinaa, uses an expression meaning - “They say it’s often stormy over there!”
    Sinaa is clearly the realist, and not the most positive poster, is he?!

    4- سوغاتی من یادتون نره! (soghaati-ye man yaadetoon nare.)

    Her college friend, Rezaa, uses an expression meaning - “Don’t forget my souvenir.”
    Rezaa contributes to the conversation with a fun reminder.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • بی‌ صبرانه (bi sabraane): “impatiently”
  • خوش گذشتن (khosh gozashtan): “have fun, have a ball (blast)”
  • سفر (safar): “trip”
  • طوفان (toofaan): “storm, typhoon, hurricane”
  • سوغاتی (soghaati): “souvenir”
  • زیاد (ziyaad): “much/a lot/ many/ very”
  • آن طرف ها (aan taraf-haa): “over there”
  • از یاد بردن (az yaad bordan): “forget”
  • Choose and memorize your best airport phrase in Persian!

    Hopefully the trip is great!

    17. Posting about an Interesting Find in Persian

    So maybe you’re walking around, and find something interesting. Here are some handy Persian phrases!

    Bardiyaa finds something unusual, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Bardiyaa’s post.

    من عاشق شیرازم! (shishe-haa-ye rangi-ye zibaa dar shiraaz)
    “Beautiful stained glass in Shiraz.”

    1-

    First is an expression meaning “beautiful stained glass.”
    شیشه نقشینه, shishe-ye naghshine, or شیشه رنگین, shishe-ye rangin, are Persian terms for “stained glass.” This form of art can mainly be seen in mosques or palaces of the past. رنگین, rangin, or رنگی, rangi means “colorful.” رنگین, rangin, is more formal and is used in writing.

    2-

    Then comes the phrase - “in Shiraz.”
    One of the most beautiful examples of stained glass work is in Nasir-ol-Molk Mosque (aka the Pink Mosque) in Shiraz.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Bardiyaa’s friends leave some comments.

    1- من عاشق شیرازم! (man aashegh-e shiraazam.)

    His neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “I love Shiraz.”
    Bahaar keeps the conversation going by sharing a personal opinion.

    2- این هنر بی نظیره! (in honar binazire!)

    His wife, Shabnam, uses an expression meaning - “This art is matchless!”
    This is an opinion that shows great appreciation.

    3- چه فضای آرامش بخشی! (che fazaa-ye aaraamesh-bakhshi!)

    His high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “What a relaxing atmosphere!”
    Shaghaayegh comment with a positive, optimistic remark - always a good addition on any feed!

    4- این شیشه کاری‎ها بسیار چشم نواز هستند! (in shishekari-haa besyaar cheshmnavaaz hastand!)

    His supervisor, Mohammad, uses an expression meaning - “These glassworks are very eye-catching!”
    Mohammed reinforces the general opinion about the glasswork.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • شیشه (shishe): “glass”
  • عاشق بودن (aa’shegh boodan): “be in love, love”
  • هنر (honar): “art”
  • بی نظیر (binazir): “unique, unparalleled, matchless”
  • آرامش بخش (aaraamesh bakhsh): “relaxing, soothing”
  • چشم نواز (cheshm navaaz): “eye-catching”
  • شیشه کاری (shishekaari): “glasswork”
  • رنگی (rangi): “colorful”
  • Which phrase would you use to comment on a friend’s interesting find?

    Perhaps you will even learn the identity of your find! Or perhaps you’re on holiday, and visiting interesting places…

    18. Post about a Sightseeing Trip in Persian

    Let your friends know what you’re up to in Persian, especially when visiting a remarkable place! Don’t forget the photo.

    Shabnam visits a famous landmark, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Shabnam’s post.

    بالاخره به آرزوم رسیدم! (belakhare be aarezoom residam!)
    “Finally my dream came true!”

    1- بالاخره (belakhare)

    First is an expression meaning “finally.”
    بالاخره , belakhare, (”finally” ) is derived from an Arabic word.

    2- به آرزوم (آرزویم) رسیدم. (be aarezoom(aarezooyam) residam.)

    Then comes the phrase - “My dream came true / I reached my dream.”
    آرزو, aarezoo, (”wish” ) is also a name for girls in Iran. به, be, (”to” ), آرزو , aarezoo, (”wish” ), رسیدن, residan, (”get,” “achieve,” “reach” ).

    COMMENTS

    In response, Shabnam’s friends leave some comments.

    1- خوشحالم برات عزیزم! (khoshhaalam baraat azizam!)

    Her neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “Happy for you dear!”
    Bahaar is happy for her neighbour.

    2- شادی تو آرزوی منه! (shaadi-ye to aarezoo-ye mane!)

    Her husband, Bardiyaa, uses an expression meaning - “Your happiness is my wish!”
    What a husband! A positive expression to show his devotion to his wife.

    3- شبنم داری دقیقاً از چی عکس می گیری؟ (shabnam daari daghighan az chi aks migiri?)

    Her college friend, Rezaa, uses an expression meaning - “Shabnam, what exactly are you taking a picture of?”
    Rezaa is being lighthearted but perhaps Shabnam’s post is not as clear as it can be!

    4- ممنون از عکس های زیبایتان! (mamnoon az aks-haa-ye zibaa-ye-taan!)

    Her supervisor, Mohammad, uses an expression meaning - “Thank you for your beautiful photos!”
    Mohammed is clearly appreciating her photos.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • رسیدن (residan): “reach, get, achieve”
  • بالاخره (belakhare): “finally”
  • عکس (aks): “picture, photo”
  • دقیقاً (daghighan): “exactly”
  • عکس گرفتن (aks gereftan): “take a picture”
  • ممنون (mamnoon): “thank you”
  • برای (baraaye): “for”
  • از (az): “for, since, from”
  • Which phrase would you prefer when a friend posts about a famous landmark?

    Share your special places with the world. Or simply post about your relaxing experiences.

    19. Post about Relaxing Somewhere in Persian

    So you’re doing nothing yet you enjoy that too? Tell your social media friends about it in Persian!

    Bardiyaa relaxes at a beautiful place, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Bardiyaa’s post.


    “Spending five relaxing days by the sea. ”

    1- گذراندن پنج روز آرامش بخش (gozaraandan-e panj rooz-e aaraamesh bakhsh)

    First is an expression meaning “Spending five relaxing days.”
    ,گذراندن , gozaraandan, (”to spend,” “spending” ) is used for time but not money. For money, we use خرج کردن, kharj kardan, (”to spend” ).

    2- در کنار دریا (kenaar-e daryaa)

    Then comes the phrase - “At the beach.”
    کنار , kenaar (”next to”, “by”, “side” ) + دریا, daryaa, (”sea” ). However, ساحل , saahel, is the exact word for “beach.”

    COMMENTS

    In response, Bardiyaa’s friends leave some comments.

    1- عاشق این ساحل شدم خیلی‌ زیباست. (aashegh-e in saahel shodam, kheyli zibaast.)

    His wife, Shabnam, uses an expression meaning - “I fell in love with this beach; it is very beautiful.”
    Shabnam agrees with her husband that the beach is ideal.

    2- چه خوب شد تونستیم بیایم. (che khoob shod toonestim biyaym.)

    His nephew, Sinaa, uses an expression meaning - “What a relief that we could come.”
    Even Sinaa is feeling positive about the beach!

    3- از این به بعد باید هر سال بیایم اینجا. (az in be ba’d baayad har saal biyaaym injaa.)

    His high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “From now on, we should go there every year.”
    Shaghaayegh expresses a wish here to also go there every year.

    4- از آسمون فیروزه ای کنار دریا لذت ببرین! (az aasemoon-e firooze-i-ye kenaar-e daryaa lezzat bebarin!)

    His neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “Enjoy the turquoise sky by the sea!”
    This is a positive instruction from Bahaar.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • آرامش بخش (aaraamesh bakhsh): “relaxing”
  • گذراندن (gozaraandan): “spend”
  • کنار دریا (kenar-e daryaa): “seaside”
  • پنج (panj): “five”
  • آسمون (آسمان) (aasemoon (aasemaan)): “sky”
  • باید (baayad): “should”
  • سال (saal): “year”
  • فیروزه ای (firooze-i): “turquoise “
  • Which phrase would you use to comment on a friend’s feed?

    The break was great, but now it’s time to return home.

    20. What to Say in Persian When You’re Home Again

    And you’re back! What will you share with friends and followers?

    Shabnam returns home after a vacation, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Shabnam’s post.

    هیچ جا مثل خونه خود آدم نمیشه! (hich jaa mesl-e khoone-ye khod-e aadam nemishe!)
    “There’s no place like home!”

    1- هیچ جا (hich jaa)

    First is an expression meaning “nowhere, no place.”
    هیچ, hich, (”zero”, “nothing”, “none” ) + جا, jaa, (”place”, “space”, “room” ).

    2- مثل خونه (خانه) خود آدم نمیشه (نمی‌شود)! (mesl-e khoone-ye khod-e aadam nemishe (nemishavad))

    Then comes the phrase - “Not like home.”
    مثل, mesle, (”like”, “such as” ) + خونه, khoone, (”house”, “home” ) [colloquial form of خانه, khaane] + خود آدم, khod-e aadam, (”own”, “oneself” ). This expression is used to emphasize the ownership of home, as opposed to “a hotel” or “someone else’s home.” نمیشه, nemishe, colloquial form of نمی شود, nemishavad, is the negative form of the verb شدن, shodan, (”to become”, “to get”, “to go” ), conjugated in the third person singular. Literally, it translates to “No place can become like one’s own home.”

    COMMENTS

    In response, Shabnam’s friends leave some comments.

    1- برای همینه شما هیچ وقت خونه نیستی؟ (baraa-ye hamine shomaa hich vaght khoone nisti?)

    Her college friend, Rezaa, uses an expression meaning - “Is this why you’re never home?”
    Rezaa is being sarcastic here with her friend - if she loves her home so much, why is she always away?!

    2- رسیدن بخیر! (residan bekheyr!)

    Her neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “Welcome back!”
    A warm-hearted, commonly-used comment.

    3- امیدوارم حسابی خوش گذشته باشه! (omidvaaram hesaabi khosh gozashte baashe!)

    Her husband’s high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “Hope you had lots of fun!”
    A positive, warmhearted comment from a friend.

    4- چطوری مارکوپولو؟ (chetori marko polo?)

    Her high school friend, Samiraa, uses an expression meaning - “How are you doing Marco Polo? [Marco Polo is used ironically for a person who travels a lot.]”
    Samiraa is being playful and asks a question - always a good way to keep conversation going.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • خونه (خانه) (khoone (khaane)): “house, home”
  • هیچ وقت (hich vaght): “never”
  • رسیدن بخیر! (residan bekheyr!): “Welcome back!, Welcome!”
  • شما (shomaa): “you (second person plural - honorific language)”
  • حسابی (hesaabi): “a lot, much, tons of “
  • همین (hamin): “this”
  • مارکوپولو (marko polo): “Marco Polo”
  • خود آدم (khod-e aadam): “oneself, own”
  • How would you welcome a friend back from a trip?

    What do you post on social media during a public commemoration day such as Sizdeh bedar?

    21. It’s Time to Celebrate in Persian

    It’s a holiday and you wish to post something about it on social media. What would you say?

    Bardiyaa celebrates Sizdah Bedar or spring holiday with his family, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Bardiyaa’s post.

    اولین بهارمان با هم! (avvalin bahaaremaan baa ham!)
    “Our first spring together!”

    1- اولین بهارمان (avvalin bahaaremaan)

    First is an expression meaning “Our first spring.”
    اولین, av-valin, (”the first” ) is made up of اول av-val, (”first” ) + ین, in (suffix). This works the same for دوم, dov-vom, (”second” ) + ین, in = دومین , dov-vomin (”the second” ); سوم, sev-vom, (”third” ) + ین, in = سومین, sev-vomin, (”the third” ), etc.

    2- با هم (baa ham)

    Then comes the phrase - “together.”
    با هم , baa ham, (”together” ). This is made up of two words: با , baa, (”with” ) + هم, ham, (”each other” / “one another” ).

    COMMENTS

    In response, Bardiyaa’s friends leave some comments.

    1- اولین بهارمان در ایران! (avvalin bahaaremaan dar iraan!)

    His wife, Shabnam, uses an expression meaning - “Our first spring in Iran!”
    Shabnam is clearly positive about this day!

    2- اولین بهارتون بدون من! (avvalin bahaaretoon bedoon-e man!)

    His wife’s high school friend, Samiraa, uses an expression meaning - “Your first spring without me!”
    Samiraa feels a bit lonely, perhaps?

    3- مشتاقانه منتظر دیدنتون هستم! (moshtaaghaane montazer-e didanetoon hastam.)

    His high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “Eagerly looking forward to seeing you.”
    Shaghaayegh is feeling optimistic and expresses a wish.

    4- سلام من رو به خانواده برسونید. (salaam-e man ro be khaanevaade beresoonid.)

    His neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “Send my regards to your family.”
    Bahaar makes a friendly comment.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • اولین (av-valin): “first”
  • بهار (bahaar): “spring”
  • بدون (bedoon-e): “without”
  • مشتاقانه (moshtaaghaane): “eagerly”
  • خانواده (khaanevaade): “family”
  • سلام رساندن (salaam resaandan): “to say hello or hi, to send greetings”
  • به (be): “to”
  • دیدن (didan): “see, visit”
  • If a friend posted something about a holiday, which phrase would you use?

    Sizdah Bedar holiday and other public commemoration days are not the only special ones to remember!

    22. Posting about a Birthday on Social Media in Persian

    Your friend or you are celebrating your birthday in an unexpected way. Be sure to share this on social media!

    Shabnam goes to her birthday party, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Shabnam’s post.

    یک شب به یاد ماندنی! (Yek shab-e be yaad maandani!)
    “A night to remember!”

    1- یک شب (Yek shab)

    First is an expression meaning “a night, one night.”
    یک شب , yek shab, (”a night” ). To link it to the adjective that proceeds the noun, we need ezaafe, which is an “e” sound. Like other vowels in Persian, it isn’t written. We learn these rules during the first grade of school, and you don’t see the “vowel marks” or ezaafe in the textbooks of higher grades.

    2- به یاد ماندنی (Be yaad maandani)

    Then comes the phrase - “to remember/ memorable.”
    به یاد ماندنی , be yaad mandani, (”to remember,” “memorable” ). Other examples: یک جشن به یاد ماندنی , yek jashn-e be yaad maandani, (”a memorable feast” ), یک فیلم به یاد ماندنی, yek film-e be yaad maandani, (”a memorable movie,” “a movie to remember” ).

    COMMENTS

    In response, Shabnam’s friends leave some comments.

    1- واقعاً خوش گذشت! (vaaghe’an khosh gozasht!)

    Her husband’s high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “Had a really great time!”
    Shaghaayegh clearly enjoyed himself at the event and shares this with a positive comment.

    2- ممنون از همه برای همه چیز! (mamnoon az hame baraaye hame chiz!)

    Her husband, Bardiyaa, uses an expression meaning - “Thanks, everyone, for everything!”
    This is a positive expression of gratitude.

    3- همیشه شاد و سلامت باشید! (hamishe shaad va salaamat baashid!)

    Her neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “May you always be happy and healthy!”
    Warmhearted Bahaar leaves a positive wish for the birthday man!

    4- تولدت مبارک شبنم عزیز! (tavallod-et mobaarak shabnam-e aziz!)

    Her supervisor, Mohammad, uses an expression meaning - “Happy birthday, dear Shabnam!”
    This is a commonly used phrase.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • شب (shab): “night”
  • واقعا (vaghe’an): “really”
  • ممنون (mamnoon): “thank you, thanks to”
  • سلامت (salaamat): “health”
  • تولد (taval-lod): “birth”
  • چیز (chiz): “thing, stuff”
  • همه (hame): “everyone, all”
  • شاد (shaad): “happy”
  • If a friend posted something about birthday greetings, which phrase would you use?

    23. Talking about New Year on Social Media in Persian

    Impress your friends with your Persian New Year’s wishes this year. Learn the phrases easily!

    Bardiyaa celebrates the New Year, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Bardiyaa’s post.

    نوروزتان پیروز! (noroozetaan pirooz!)
    “Happy Nowruz!”

    1- نوروز ( norooz)

    First is an expression meaning “Nowruz.”
    نو, now, (”new” ) + روز, rooz, (”day” ). Nowruz is the new year holiday in Iran and comes at the vernal equinox. Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Albania, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Autonomous Region of Kurdistan (part of Iraq), and Georgia officially celebrate the Persian New Year. This holiday is on UNESCO’s list of Intangible Cultural Heritage.

    2- پیروز (pirooz)

    Then comes the phrase - “Happy.”
    پیروز, pirooz, (”victorious,” “triumphant,” “successful,” “winsome” ). پیروز, pirooz, is an original Persian word. This is contrary to مبارک, mobaarak, which is derived from an Arabic word.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Bardiyaa’s friends leave some comments.

    1- امسال نوروز سردی داریم! (emsaal norooz-e sardi daarim!)

    His nephew, Sinaa, uses an expression meaning - “This year we have a cold Nowruz!”
    Sinaa shares a fact, making conversation.

    2- سال نوی همگی مبارک! (saal-e no-ye hamegi mobaarak!)

    His wife, Shabnam, uses an expression meaning - “Happy New Year to everyone!”
    This is a common well-wish for the occasion.

    3- سال پر برکتی داشته باشین! (saal-e por barekati daashte baashin!)

    His neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “May you have a year full of blessings!”
    Bahaar shares another positive, common well wish for the year ahead.

    4- براتون آرزوی موفقیت روز افزون دارم! (baraatoon arezoo-ye movaffaghiyat-e rooz afzoon daaram!)

    His high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “I wish you ever-increasing success!”
    What a great wish for anyone!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • نوروز (norooz): “Nowruz”
  • امسال (emsaal): “this year”
  • سرد (sard): “cold, chilly”
  • پربرکت (por barekat): “full of blessings”
  • موفقیت (movaffaghiyat): “success”
  • همگی (hamegi): “everyone, all”
  • روز افزون (rooz afzoon): “ever-increasing”
  • داشتن (daashtan): “have”
  • Which is your favorite phrase to post on social media during New Year?

    But before New Year’s Day comes another important day…

    24. At a wedding party

    What will you say in Persian about a wedding party?

    Shabnam celebrates his sister’s wedding with her family, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Shabnam’s post.

    خواهر کوچولوی من چه زود بزرگ شد! (khaahar-e koochooloo-ye man che zood bozorg shod!)
    “How fast my little sister grew up!”

    1- خواهر کوچولوی (کوچک) من (khaahar-e koochooloo-ye (koochak-e ) man)

    First is an expression meaning “my little sister.”
    کوچولو, koochooloo, (”little”, “tiny” ) is the colloquial form of کوچک, koochak. Since کوچولو, koochooloo, ends in “و,” oo, we need the linking ی, ye to pronounce the phrase easier.

    2- چه زود بزرگ شد! (che zood bozorg shod!)

    Then comes the phrase - “how fast grew up.”
    بزرگ شد, bozorg shod, (”grew up,” literally “became/got big” ) is the past tense of the verb بزرگ شدن, bozorg shodan, (”to grow up” ) conjugated in the third person singular.

    COMMENTS

    In response, Shabnam’s friends leave some comments.

    1- چه عروس خوشگلی! (che aroos-e khoshgeli!)

    Her husband’s high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “What a beautiful bride!”
    Shaghaayegh clearly has an appreciation for beautiful ladies! But compliments work anywhere…

    2- خوشبخت باشن انشالله! (khoshbakht baashan ensha’al-laah!)

    Her neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “May they be blessed, Inshallah! ”
    Bahaar comments with a commonly-used blessing for the couple.

    3- بدون من خوش گذشت؟ (bedoon-e man khosh gozasht?)

    Her college friend, Rezaa, uses an expression meaning - “Did you have fun without me?”
    Rezaa, the joker, wasn’t sure that the event could be much fun without her!

    4- این بارم من دسته گل رو گرفتم! عروس بعدی کیه؟ (in baaram man dasteh gol ro gerftam! aroos-e ba’di ki-yeh? )

    Her high school friend, Samiraa, uses an expression meaning - “This time I caught the bouquet again! Who’s the next bride?”
    Samiraa shares something that happened at the event - clearly she is hoping that catching the bridal bouquet will bring her a husband, as is the common belief!

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • خواهر (khaahar): “sister”
  • زود (zood): “fast”
  • کوچک (koochak): “little, small”
  • خوشگل (khoshgel): “pretty”
  • دسته گل (daste gol): “bouquet”
  • کی، چه کسی (ki (colloquial), che kasi): “who”
  • بعد (ba’d): “next”
  • گرفتن (gerftan): “catch”
  • If a friend posted something about a family member’s wedding, which phrase would you use?

    So, this celebration is over! Yet, there will always be other days, besides a birthday, to wish someone well.

    25. Post about Your Anniversary in Persian

    Some things deserve to be celebrated, like wedding anniversaries. Learn which Persian phrases are meaningful and best suited for this purpose!

    Bardiyaa celebrates his wedding anniversary with his wife, posts an image of it, and leaves this comment:

    POST

    Let’s break down Bardiyaa’s post.

    سالگرد عاشقانۀ ما! (saalgard-e aasheghaane-ye maa!)
    “Our romantic anniversary.”

    1- سالگرد (saalgard-e)

    First is an expression meaning “anniversary.”
    سالگرد, saalgard, (”anniversary” ). سالگرد, saalgard is celebrated on سالروز, saal rooz, (which also means “anniversary” ). سالروز استقلال, saalrooz-e esteghlaal, (”Independance Day” ).

    2- عاشقانه ما! (aasheghaane-ye maa)

    Then comes the phrase - “our loving.”
    عاشقانه, aasheghaane, (”loving”, “romantic”, “amorously”, “with love”, “fondly” ) can be an adjective or an adverb depending on the context. آنها عاشقانه با هم زندگی می کردند. , aanhaa aasheghaane baa ham zendegi mikardand, (”They lived fondly together” ).

    COMMENTS

    In response, Bardiyaa’s friends leave some comments.

    1- دوست دارم عزیزم! (dooset daaram azizam!)

    His wife, Shabnam, uses an expression meaning - “I love you babe!”
    Shabnam and Bardiyaah likes to show affection for each other on social media.

    2- به پای هم پیر شین انشاالله! (be paa-ye ham pir shin enshaa’allaah!)

    His neighbor, Bahaar, uses an expression meaning - “May you grow old together, Inshallah!”
    This is a positive blessing for the couple.

    3- انشاالله سال های سال در کنار هم جشن بگیرید! (enshaa’allaah saal-haa-ye saal dar kenaar-e ham jashn begirid!)

    His high school friend, Shaghaayegh, uses an expression meaning - “May you celebrate years and years together, Inshallah!”
    This friend also pronounces a blessing over the couple for a long and happy marriage!

    4- سالگرد ازدواجتان را تبریک عرض می کنم! (saalgard-e ezdevaajetaan raa tabrik arz mikonam!)

    His supervisor, Mohammad, uses an expression meaning - “I congratulate you on your wedding anniversary!”
    A common expression of congratulations on a wedding anniversary.

    VOCABULARY

    Find below the key vocabulary for this lesson:

  • سالگرد (saalgard): “anniversary”
  • عاشقانه (aasheghaane): “romantic, loving, with love, fondly”
  • به پای هم پیرشدن (be paa-ye ham pir shodan): “grow old with each other”
  • سال های سال (saal-haa-ye saal): “years and years”
  • جشن گرفتن (jashn gerftan): “celebrate”
  • در کنار هم (dar kenaar-e ham): “together”
  • دوست داشتن (doost daashtan): “like, love”
  • عرض کردن (arz kardan): “say (honorific)”
  • If a friend posted something about Anniversary greetings, which phrase would you use?

    Conclusion

    Learning to speak a new language will always be easier once you know key phrases that everybody uses. These would include commonly used expressions for congratulations and best wishes, etc.

    Master these in fun ways with Learn Persian! We offer a variety of tools to individualize your learning experience, including using cell phone apps, audiobooks, iBooks and many more. Never wonder again what to say on social media!

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Persian

    How to Say Sorry in Persian

    Thumbnail

    Learn how to apologize in Persian - fast and accurately! PersianPod101 makes it easy for you to make amends. Start with a bonus, and download your FREE cheat sheet - How to Improve Your Persian Skills! (Logged-In Member Only)

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Persian

    Table of Contents

    1. Common Ways to Say Sorry in Persian
    2. How To Refuse Something Politely in Persian
    3. Audio Lesson - Survival Phrases “How to Say Sorry”
    4. Why You Will NOT Be Sorry For Learning Persian through PersianPod101


    1. Common Ways to Say Sorry in Persian

    3 Ways to Say Sorry

    Nobody’s perfect, not anywhere in the world. Everybody makes mistakes, and does and says regrettable things. Then it’s time to apologize, as saying ‘I’m sorry’ is not in vain. It can be very healing! Did you know that hearing a sincerely-meant apology can have a noticeable effect on a person’s body? Research has shown that it slows down breathing and heart rate, and even causes a drop in blood pressure.

    Sometimes we cannot fix what’s broken, but we can make the experience a bit easier for anyone who suffered on account of our thoughtless actions or words.

    Here are a number of ways to say sorry in Persian. In any language, just make sure you really mean it! An insincere apology will not go down well with anyone.

    Woman Apologizing

    متاسفم (mote’as-sefam).
    I’m sorry

    These words should precede anything else you have to say. Use them sincerely and whenever you are clearly in the wrong. Acknowledging your guilt and apologizing for any wrongdoing will lift your spirits too! Often, remorse can eat away at us, and a simple ‘I’m sorry’, in Persian or any other language, can open the door for forgiveness and resolution of a bad situation. It can be a true gift!

    من می خواهم عذرخواهی کنم (man mikhaaham ozr khaahi konam).
    I would like to apologize.

    This is a slightly more formal way to say ‘I’m sorry’ in Persian. Use this phrase if you’re addressing your superiors and/or elders.

    من صمیمانه عذرخواهی می کنیم (man samimaaneh ozr khaahi mikonam).
    I sincerely apologize.

    If you feel strongly about your apology, this is another slightly more formal phrase to use. Keep it handy for graver errors, or you might come across as insincere!

    دیگر این کار را نمی کنم (digar in kaar raa nemikoanm).
    I won’t do it again.

    A promise you can only make if you intend to keep it! Few things feel as bad as having to hear repeated apologies from someone for the same behavior - it means the ‘sorry’ is not sincere. Don’t be that person!

    مطمئنا دیگر این اشتباه را تکرار نخواهم کرد (motma’en-nan digar in eshtebaah raa tekraar nakhaaham kard).
    I’ll make sure not to make this mistake again.

    A beautifully strong phrase! Again, say this only if you mean it - not just in the moment, but always! A bit more formal, this is an especially good phrase to use when apologizing to superiors and/or elders. It will make an especially good impression at the workplace, where accountability is an excellent quality to display!

    منظوری نداشتم (manzoori nadaashtam).
    I didn’t mean that.

    This is a tricky one… What did you mean, then?! Clear up any confusion with sincerity. Also, use this phrase only if the harm done or mistake made was due to an accident, and then admit to thoughtlessness on your part, if appropriate.

    تقصیر من است (taghsir-e man ast).
    It’s my fault.

    If the fault is really yours, own up to it. You will gain respect in the eyes of others! However, don’t take the blame when it’s not truly yours. It won’t be good for you, and ultimately you will not be respected much for it.

    معذرت می خواهم که خودخواه هستم (ma’zerat mikhaaham keh khod khaah hastam).
    I’m sorry for being selfish.

    This is a good phrase to keep handy, especially for your close relationships. It is difficult to admit you’re selfish, isn’t it?! However, it’s good to know when to be honest. We get used to our loved ones, which often means we forget that they need our good manners and unselfish behavior just as much as strangers do.

    امیدوارم که من را ببخشید (omidvaaram keh man raa bebakhshid).
    I hope you will forgive me.

    This is a polite and gentle wish that can smooth over many harsh feelings. It also shows that the other person’s opinion and forgiveness are important to you.

    من مسئولیت کامل را به عهده می گیرم (man mas’ooliyat-e kaamel raa beh ohdeh migiram).
    I take full responsibility.

    This strong statement is similar to admitting that an error or transgression was your fault. It speaks of courage and the willingness to take remedial action. Good one to use…if you mean it!

    نباید آن را انجام می دادم (nabaayad aan raa anjaam midaadam).
    I shouldn’t have done it.

    This phrase is fine to use if you did or said something wrong. It shows, to an extent, your regret for having done or said what you did, and demonstrates that you understand your role in the mistake.

    ببخشید که پولتان را دیر پس می دهم (bebakhshid keh pooletaan raa dir pas midaham).
    Sorry for giving your money back late.

    It’s rotten to have to loan money! Yet, it’s equally rotten to have to ask for the repayment of a loan. So, do your best not to pay late in the first place, but if it can’t be helped, this would be a good phrase to use!

    لطفا از دست من عصبانی نباش (lotfan az dast-e man asabaani nabaash).
    Please don’t be mad at me.

    Well, this is not a very advisable phrase to use if you are clearly in the wrong. If someone is justifiably angry with you, asking them not to be mad at you would be an unfair expectation. However, if you did something wrong by accident, and if the consequences were not too serious, this request would be OK.

    ببخشید که دیر کردم (bebakhshid keh dir kardam).
    Sorry I’m late.

    Punctuality is valued in most situations, but if you really cannot help being late, then apologize! This way you show respect for your host, and win their approval.

    معذرت می خواهم که بدجنسی کردم (ma’zerat mikhaaham keh bad jensi kardam).
    I apologize for being mean to you.

    Acknowledging your own meanness towards someone is no small thing, so good for you! Use this apology only if your intention is to seriously address your mean tendencies, or these words could become meaningless over time.


    2. How To Refuse Something Politely in Persian

    Woman Refusing

    Congratulations! Now you know how to apologize in Persian! After you have apologized for a mistake, focus on fixing whatever you can, and don’t punish yourself over something that cannot be taken back or reversed. That’s healthy for you! Regret can eat away at the soul, and even destroy it. It is ultimately a useless emotion if it consumes you.

    However, in language, we use apologies not only when we’ve transgressed or made mistakes. They come in handy in other situations too, when there has been no wrongdoing. Sometimes we need to express regret for having to refuse a gift, an offer, or an invitation. This can be somewhat tricky. Learn from specialists at PersianPod101 about how to use the correct Persian words for this kind of ‘sorry’!


    3. Survival Phrases “How to Say Sorry”

    Say Sorry

    On the run and need a quick lesson on how to say sorry in Persian? Don’t fret, just listen and repeat! Click here for a recorded short lesson and learn how to give the perfect apology, with perfect pronunciation in Persian. A little can go a long way, and you will sound like a native!


    4. Why You Will NOT Be Sorry For Learning Persian through PersianPod101

    Man Looking at Computer

    Online learning is here to stay, that’s a fact. In 2015, the Digital Learning Compass Partnership released a report based on surveys to determine online enrollment trends in US institutions for higher education. Thirty percent of all their students learned online! And the number is growing! However, how can you be sure you will not regret your choice of an online language learning school? First, look at the school’s credentials and what it has to offer…

    • Fun and Easy Learning: It’s a commonly-known fact that when learning is made easy and fun, student motivation rises. And as motivation rises, so does the effort to learn - what a beautiful cycle! PersianPod101’s language learning system is designed to get you speaking from the onset. Learn at your own convenience and pace with our short, effective and fun audio podcast lessons. Our Learning Center is comprehensive and state-of-the-art, with a vibrant user community to connect to! Our lessons are recorded with native hosts and voice actors, providing a diverse range of dialects in your lessons. You can be confident that native speakers will understand you when speaking Persian!
    • Innovative Learning Tools and Apps: We make it our priority to offer you the best learning tools! These include apps for iPhone, iPad, Android and Mac OSX; eBooks for Kindle, Nook, and iPad; audiobooks; Roku TV and so many more. This means that we took diverse lifestyles into account when we developed our courses, so you can learn anywhere, anytime on a device of your choice. How innovative!
    • Free Resources: Sharing is caring, and for this reason, we share many free resources with our students. For instance, start learning Persian with our basic online course by creating a lifetime account - for free! Also get free daily and iTunes lessons, free eBooks, free mobile apps, and free access to our blog and online community. Or how about free Vocabulary Lists? The Persian dictionary is for exclusive use by our students, also for free. There’s so much to love about PersianPod101…!
    • Live Hosts and One-on-One Learning: Knowledgeable, energetic hosts present recorded video lessons, and are available for live teaching experiences if you upgrade. This means that in the videos, you get to watch them pronounce those tongue-twisters, as if you’re learning live! Add octane to your learning by upgrading to Premium Plus, and learn two times faster. Your can have your very own Persian teacher always with you, ensuring that you learn what you need, when you need to - what a wonderful opportunity to master a new language in record time!
    • Start Where You Are: You don’t know a single Persian word? Not to worry, we’ve absolutely got this. Simply enroll in our Absolute Beginner Pathway and start speaking from Lesson 1! As your learning progresses, you can enroll in other pathways to match your Persian level, at your own pace, in your own time, in your own place!

    After this lesson, you will know almost every ‘sorry for’ in Persian, but don’t let it be that you’re sorry for missing a great opportunity. Learning a new language can only enrich your life, and could even open doors towards great opportunities! So don’t wonder if you’ll regret enrolling in PersianPod101. It’s the most fun, easy way to learn Persian!

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Persian

    Persian Introductions: “My Name is” in Persian and More

    As we know from ancient times, human beings have always tried to find a way of communicating with each other. They found out that the key to communication is a language with which to share and express their thoughts and transfer their emotions. Persian is one of the oldest languages spoken by mankind.

    Persian is a pluricentric language categorized in the Indo-European family with a 7500-year history. The subgroups of the Persian language are Gilaki, Mazanderani, Kurdish, Talysh, and Balochi.

    In Persian language-learning, how to introduce yourself (such as “My name is,” in Persian) is one of the most essential pieces of knowledge you can gain. This, along with other introductions, is important to know if you’re going to travel to a Persian-speaking country, such as Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, or Uzbekistan.

    Are you ready to learn how you can introduce yourself in Persian? Then let’s get started!

    1. Steps of Self-Introduction in Persian
    2. Greetings
    3. Name
    4. Age
    5. Nationality
    6. Major/ Profession
    7. Family
    8. Interests and Hobbies
    9. Pets
    10. Cultural Tips
    11. Conclusion: How PersianPod101.com Can Help You Master Persian

    Log


    1. Steps of Self-Introduction in Persian

    Introducing Yourself

    As you learn to introduce yourself in Persian, grammar knowledge is a must.

    Persian grammar has formal and informal forms.

    The formal/written form, called کتابی (Ketaabi) in Persian, is used in books, newspapers, magazines, poems, TV news, and formal speeches. The colloquial/spoken form, called محاوره ای (mohaavere-i) is used for everyday conversations.

    It’s very important in Iranian culture to know when you need to speak formally or informally, and this depends on the situations and people you face every day.

    Now let’s move on to the different ways you can introduce yourself in basic Persian.


    2. Greetings

    First Encounter

    Imagine you’re in a Persian-speaking country and want to start a conversation with a stranger and introduce yourself in Persian words. Just like in any language, the first word you might say is “Hello,” which in Persian is سلام (salaam).

    In Persian culture, before you introduce yourself in Persian, phrases like this are commonly used:

    • “Hello, how are you?” is سلام، حال شما چطور است؟ (salaam, haale shomaa chetor ast?) in Persian, which is formal. To say the colloquial form, you only need to change ast meaning “is” to e: سلام، حال شما چطوره؟ (salaam, haale shomaa chetore?).

    In addition, you can start the conversation with:

    • “Hello, nice to meet you,” which is سلام، از ملاقات با شما خوشوقتم (salaam, az molaaqaat baa shomaa khoshvaqtam). Its colloquial form is: سلام، از ملاقاتت خوشوقتم (salaam, az molaaqaatet khoshvaqtam).


    3. Name

    Man Holding Question Mark Sign in Front of Face

    The most basic structure for “My name is” in Persian language is as follows:

    • My name is ____.
      اسم من ____ است.
      esme man ____ ast.

    After greetings, it’s time to start introducing yourself in Persian by saying your name, right? This is very simple. You only need to remember this formula, and replace your name with the blank: اسم من ____ است (esme man ____ ast).

    Now let’s see how you can say “My name is Sarah” in Persian with the example below:

    اسم من سارا است (esme man saaraa ast.)


    4. Age

    About Yourself

    After saying your name, you might want to talk about your age. However, in Iran, it’s not common for women to tell their age to men during a conversation, and the secret behind this is that there’s a belief women never get old. But for men, it’s more common to talk about age.

    Before stating your age, you’ll need to learn the numbers in Persian, too.

    The formula for stating your age in Persian is:

    • من _______سال سن دارم
      man _____ saal sen daaram

    You only need to add your age in the blank space. For example, if you’re twenty-five years old and you want to say it in Persian, this is how:

    Example 1:

    • I am twenty-five years old.
      من بیست و پنج سال سن دارم.
      man bist-o-panj saal sen daaram.

    Two Men Shaking Hands

    Example 2:

    • I am forty years old.
      من چهل سال سن دارم
      man chehel saal sen daaram.


    5. Nationality

    Nationality

    After introducing yourself by name, you can talk about your nationality and the country you’re from. In this case, you need to learn the name of countries in Persian. To talk about this, you can simply use one of the forms below:

    • I’m from ___.
      من اهل ______ هستم
      Man ahle (Your country) hastam.

    For example, “I’m from France,” would be: من اهل فرانسه هستم (man ahle Faraanse hastam.).

    • I’m ___ [nationality].
      من ______ هستم
      man (your nationality) hastam.

    For example, to say “I’m German,”: من آلمانی هستم. (man almani hastam.).

    Another example:

    • I’m Iranian.
      من+ایرانی+ هستم: “من ایرانی هستم.
      man Iraani hastam.


    6. Major/ Profession

    As you learn to introduce yourself in Persian, vocabulary becomes essential as you delve deeper into a conversation. When it comes to business meetings, introducing your profession is important for further communications. For talking about your job, first of all, you need to learn the name of jobs in Persian. From there, you only have to follow this formula:

    • I am a ___ [profession].
      من ______ هستم.
      man ______ hastam.

    For example, if you’re a dentist, in Persian it would be like:

    • I am a dentist.
      من دندانپزشک هستم.
      man dandaanpezeshk hastam.

    Or if you’re a lawyer:

    • I am a lawyer.
      من وکیل هستم.
      man vakil hastam.

    Dentist Checking Someone’s Mouth


    7. Family

    The family is one of the most important elements of Iranian culture, and that’s why after introducing yourself, it’s very important to know how to talk about your family and introduce them in Persian.

    Also, you might need to know numbers in Persian when talking about your siblings or children.

    You can learn some of the most common sentences about family in the table below:

    I am married. من متاهل هستم. (.man mote’ahel hastam)
    I am single. من مجرد هستم. (.man mojarrad hastam)
    I have two children. من دو فرزند دارم. دارم (.man do farzand daaram)
    I have one brother and two sisters. .من یک برادر و دو خواهر دارم
    (man yek baraadar va do khaahar daaram.)


    8. Interests and Hobbies

    In Iranian culture, it’s not very common to talk about interests and hobbies during the first conversation. But you can talk about them after the first meeting. In order to talk about your interests and hobbies, you only need to remember the Persian formula of this sentence:

    • One of my hobbies is (your hobby).:
      یکی از سرگرمی های من ______است
      yeki az sargarmihaaye man ___ __ ast.

    For example, if your hobby is shopping, you can use this sentence as follows:

    • One of my hobbies is shopping.
      یکی از سرگرمی های من خرید کردن است.
      Yeki az sargarmihaaye man kharid kardan ast.


    9. Pets

    Dog and Cat Laying Next to Each Other

    If you have pets and would like to talk about them, then you need to know the names of different animals in Persian. Here are a few:

    • Cat: گربه (gorbe)
    • Dog: سگ (sag)
    • Mouse: موش (moosh)
    • Bird: پرنده (parande)
    • Parrot: طوطی (tooti)
    • Hamster: همستر (hamester)
    • Rabbit: خرگوش (khargoosh)
    • Fish: ماهی (maahi)
    • Tortoise: لاک پشت (laak posht)

    To tell someone what type of pet you have, you can use the sentence:

    • I have a (your pet).
      من یک ______ دارم
      man yek ______ daaram.

    Replace the blank part with your pet name.

    For example:

    • I have a cat.
      من یک گربه دارم.
      man yek gorbe daaram.


    10. Cultural Tips

    Persians are incredibly nice and hospitable people. In Persian culture, it’s common to shake hands and/or give a hug when introducing yourself. To say “Nice to meet you,” you can use these 3 forms:

    1. az didane shomaa khoshvaqtam. (formal)
    2. az didanet khoshvaqtam. (casual)
    3. khoshvaqtam. (short form)

    But don’t forget that it’s not common to shake hands with the opposite gender in Persian culture because of Islamic beliefs. You should only shake hands with the opposite gender if he/she voluntarily raises his/her hand.

    Another point that you have to remember is that during conversations, you always need to speak as highly as possible to your interlocutors. This means that during a formal speech, you call your interlocutors with آقا (aaqaa) meaning “Mr.” or خانم (khaanom) meaning “Mrs./Ms.” This goes after their name, and is used with plural verbs and pronouns.

    Further, during a colloquial speech, when you want to call the person you’re talking with, you can add جان (jaan), or in casual form جون (joon), at the end of his/her name. This word means “dear” in Persian.

    For example:

    • Dear Ali
      علی جان=علی+جان
      Ali jaan

    or

    • علی جون
      Ali joon

    The latter example is the casual form.

    When you want to talk about yourself, you have to be as humble as possible. Instead of using the 1st person pronoun “I” which is من (man), you have to call yourself بنده (bande), which literally means “slave.” Another option is to use اینجانب (injaaneb), which means “this side” in formal speech.


    Conclusion: How PersianPod101.com Can Help You Master Persian

    Do you feel ready to introduce yourself in Persian? Or is there something you’re still struggling with? Let us know in the comments!

    If you want to learn Persian fast, you need to find native Persian-speaking friends; Persians are incredibly nice and will be a great help in learning the language quickly. The first step to really mastering Persian is to be in a Persian-speaking society, either physically or through social media, to communicate with Persian people. But don’t forget that the most important factor in learning any language is daily practice.

    Other ways you can learn include listening to podcasts, watching Persian series and movies, and reading Persian books or newspapers. Don’t forget that we’re in the 21st century, a time when our lives have become easier due to technological advancements. There are a lot of materials for learning Persian out there, like mobile applications, ebooks, and websites.

    You can join PersianPod101.com right now and start your free trial today. You can improve your Persian language skills with our teachers, and use our free resources to practice your grammar and vocabulary.

    We hope you learned a lot of practical self-introduction sentences in Persian, and that this article helps you start talking like a native Persian. Best wishes!

    Log

    What is Nowruz? Celebrate the Persian New Year!

    The first day of spring for Iranians is the beginning of nature’s cycle, the ending of the current year to start the new one. This is the time when day and night are equal, nature has passed through the cold weather, and moderate weather begins.

    The ground wakes from winter sleep, and restarts life and movement again.

    Nowruz feast, which is one of the oldest existing customs of the world, has seen some small changes during its history, but still remains and has always been important as a national ritual. Thus, learning about Nowruz traditions and other facts about Nowruz in Iran is vital to understanding the country’s rich culture.

    At PersianPod101.com, we hope to make this culture delving both fun and enlightening. So let’s get started!

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - How to Improve Your Language Skills!

    1. What is Persian New Year?

    Persian New Year (also called Nowruz), is the Persian celebration of the coming of spring. It’s a day full of family and festivities, and is, of course, dripping with tradition. There are many Persian New Year traditions that are observed each year, from Nowruz foods to Persian New Year gifts. And of course, Persian New Year greetings.

    2. When is Nowruz?

    Clock Indicating Midnight

    The date of Persian New Year is fascinating, as it takes place on the vernal equinox, marking the beginning of spring. Typically, celebrations take place on March 21, but sometimes it’s celebrated on March 20 or March 22 instead.

    3. How is Nowruz Celebrated?

    Drummers in a Parade

    So, how is Nowruz celebrated? Read the Persian text below to find out (you can find the English translation directly below it).

    —–

    فعالیت های نوروزی در واقع مدتها پیش از عید آغاز می شوند. یکی از این فعالیت ها «خانه تکانی» است که با نزدیک شدن به سال جدید٬ شور و شوق آن در میان مردم اوج می گیرد. در هر خانه ای اعضای خانواده شروع به نظافت٬ شست و شو٬ و مرتب کردن اطراف محل زندگی خود می شوند٬ تا برای شب عید ظاهری تمیز و آراسته داشته باشد. به این اعمال «خانه تکانی» گفته می شود که به معنی تکاندن و زدودن گرد و غبار از خانه می باشد. سپس همگی با پوشیدن لباس های نو و یا تر و تمیز به انتظار تحویل سال جدید می نشینند.

    با شنیدن اسم نوروز به یاد سفرهٔ هفت سین می افتیم. سفرهٔ هفت سین عبارت است از مجموعه ای از اشیاء و خوردنی هایی که روی میز یا پارچه ای می چینند و همگی با حرف «سین» از الفبای فارسی شروع می شوند. این اشیاء که هر کدام نشانگر مفاهیم خاصی مانند خیر و برکت هستند معمولاً عبارت اند از- سنجد٬ سیب٬ سبزه٬ سمنو٬ سیر٬ سرکه٬ سماق٬ و سکه. آینه٬ شمع، ماهی قرمز، تخم مرغ رنگی و کتاب دیوان حافظ نیز از دیگر تزئینات سفرهٔ هفت سین می باشند. اعضای خانواده دور این سفره جمع شده عید را به یکدیگر تبریک می گوید و افراد مسن تر به جوان تر ها به عنوان عیدی اسکناس هدیه می دهند.

    از مهمترین رسومی که از ایام قدیم برای نوروز به جا مانده است٬ رفتن به «عید دیدنی» است. در این ایام٬ مردم به خانهٔ اقوام٬ دوستان و آشنایان خود می روند٬ از مهمانان خود نیز با شیرینی و آجیل و میوه پذیرایی می کنند و ساعات خوشی را در کنار هم سپری می کنند. همچنین سفر به شهر های مختلف و رفتن به دامن طبیعت نیز از عادات دلپذیر مردم ایران در عید نوروز می باشد. بدین ترتیب مردم خود را برای سالی جدید، سرشار از کار و فعالیت ، شادی و موفقیت آماده می کنند.

    آیا می دانستید که برای نوروز نیز شخصیتی شبیه به بابا نوئل وجود دارد با نام «عمو نوروز»؟ او نیز پیرمرد ریش دار مهربانی است که آمدن سال نو را به مردم خبر می دهد. شخصیت دیگری نیز با نام «حاجی فیروز» با چهرهٔ سیاه شده و لباس های قرمز و طبل کوچکی در دست در خیابان ها به رقص و آواز و شیرین کاری پرداخته مردم را سرگرم می کند.

    —–

    Nowruz activities, in fact, begin several days before the Eid. One of these activities is spring cleaning. As the new year approaches, happiness and enthusiasm fill the heart of people. In each house, family members begin to clean, wash, and tidy around their living areas to have a clean and tidy appearance for the Eid. These activities are called “Khane Tekani,” which literally means shaking out or removing of dust from their house. Then, all family members put on their new or clean clothes and wait for the beginning of the New Year.

    When we hear Nowruz, we remember Sofre-ye Haft-Seen. Sofre-ye Haft-Seen includes a series of objects and food they set on the table or a piece of cloth, whose names begin with the sound “s” in Persian. These objects, which represent such concepts as goodness and blessings, usually include: Senjed (dried oleaster wild olive fruit), Sib (apple), Sabze (sprouts from green plants), Samanoo (sweet pudding), Sir (garlic), Serke (vinegar), Somaq (sumac), and Sekke (a coin). A mirror, candle, goldfish, colored eggs, and collection of Hafez poems are among the other decorations on Sofre-ye Haft-Seen. Family members gather around this cloth, congratulating each other on the Eid, and the older members give the younger ones paper money as New Year gifts.

    One of the most important traditions that still remains from ancient times is eid didani. On these days, people visit relatives, friends, and acquaintances, receiving their guests by giving them candies, dried nuts, and fruit. They spend happy hours together. Making a trip to various towns and spending time in nature are among popular activities with Iranians on Nowruz. This way, people prepare themselves for a year full of work, activity, jubilation, and success.

    Did you know that there is a character like Santa Claus for Nowruz called “Amu Nowruz” (Uncle Nowruz)? He is also a kind white bearded old man who announces the coming New Year to people. There is also another character called “Haji Firouz” with a black face and red clothes, who takes a small drum on the streets and dances, sings, and does funny things to amuse people.

    4. Additional Information

    The first Nowruz food eaten in the New Year is commonly “Sabzi Polo ba Maahi.” The hope for the greenness and productivity of nature, the bounty of rice, the active movements of the fish, and the symbol of appreciating the bounties of God in the New Year are some reasons for this dish’s popularity.

    5. Must-know Vocab

    New Year Fireworks

    Here’s some vocabulary you should know for the Persian New Year!

  • سال (saal) — year
  • نیمه شب (nime shab) — midnight
  • روز آغاز سال نو (rooz-e aaqaaz-e saal-e no) — New Year’s Day
  • میهمانی (mihmaani) — party
  • شامپاین (shaampaayn) — champagne
  • آتش بازى (aatash baazi) — firework
  • رقص (raqs) — dancing
  • جشن (jashn) — celebration
  • به سلامتی (be salaamati) — toast
  • شب سال نو (shab-e saal-e no) — New Year’s Eve
  • شمارش معکوس (shomaaresh-e ma’koos) — countdown
  • تصمیم (tasmim) — resolution
  • تعطیلات سال نو (ta’tilaat-e saal-e no) — New Year’s Holiday
  • کاغذ رنگی (kaaqaz rangi) — confetti
  • رژه (rezhe) — parade
  • To hear each vocabulary word pronounced, check out our Persian New Year vocabulary list. Here, you’ll find each word accompanied by an audio of its pronunciation.

    Conclusion

    Now you know about Nowruz, the Persian New Year celebration. Does your country celebrate the New Year similarly to Iran, or are celebrations in your country different? Let us know in the comments!

    To learn more about the Persian language and culture, visit us at PersianPod101.com. We offer an array of insightful blog posts as well as free vocabulary lists. You can also upgrade your account to begin using our MyTeacher program for a one-on-one learning experience with your own personal Persian teacher!

    Know that your hard work will soon reap benefits, and you’ll be speaking Persian like a native before you know it. In the meantime, reward your efforts with a nice glass of shaampaayn. ;)

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - How to Improve Your Language Skills!

    How to Say I Love You in Persian - Romantic Word List

    Do you often feel lonely and sad? Do you long for romance and are willing to do whatever it takes to meet that special person? Speaking another language could revolutionize your love life! So, why wait? Learning how to say ‘love’ in Persian could be just what you need to find it.

    Or perhaps you were lucky, and have found your Persian partner already. Fantastic! Yet, a cross-cultural relationship comes with unique challenges. Learning how to speak your lover’s language will greatly improve your communication and enhance the relationship. At PersianPod101, our team will teach you all the words, quotes and phrases you need to woo your Persian lover with excellence! Our tutors provide personal assistance, with plenty of extra material available to make Persian dating easy for you.

    Table of Contents

    1. Common Phrases You’ll Need for a Date
    2. The Most Romantic Ideas for a Date
    3. Must-know Valentine’s Day Vocabulary
    4. Persian Love Phrases for Valentine’s Day
    5. Persian Quotes about Love
    6. Marriage Proposal Lines
    7. 15 Most Common Break-Up Lines
    8. Will Falling in Love Help You Learn Persian Faster?

    Start with a bonus, and download the ‘How To be a Good Lover Cheat Sheet’ for FREE! (Logged-In Member Only)

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - How to be a Good Lover in Persian

    1. Common Phrases You’ll Need for a Date

    So, you have met your Persian love interest. Congratulations! Who knows where this could take you…?! However, the two of you have just met and you’re not ready to say the Persian word for love just yet. Great, it is better to get to know him/her first. Wow your prospective love by using these Persian date phrases to set up a spectacular first date.

    Persian Date Phrases

    Would you like to go out to dinner with me?

    • دوست داری شام با هم بریم بیرون؟
    • doost daari shaam baa ham berim biroon.

    The important question! In most cultures, this phrase indicates: ‘I’m romantically interested in you’. Flirting in Persian is no different, so don’t take your date to Mcdonald’s!

    Are you free this weekend?

    • این آخرهفته آزادی؟
    • ein aakhar-e hafteh aazaadi?

    This is a preamble to asking your love interest on a date. If you get an immediate ‘Yes’, that’s good news!

    Would you like to hang out with me?

    • دوست داری با هم باشیم؟
    • doost daari baa ham baashim?

    You like her/him, but you’re not sure if there’s chemistry. Ask them to hang out first to see if a dinner date is next.

    What time shall we meet tomorrow?

    • فردا چه ساعتی ملاقات کنیم؟
    • fardaa cheh saa’ati molaaqaat konim?

    Set a time, and be sure to arrive early! Nothing spoils a potential relationship more than a tardy date.

    Where shall we meet?

    • کجا ملاقات کنیم؟
    • kojaa molaaqaat konim?

    You can ask this, but also suggest a place.

    You look great.

    • چقدرخوشگل شدی.
    • cheqadr khoshgel shodi.

    A wonderful ice breaker! This phrase will help them relax a bit - they probably took great care to look their best just for you.

    You are so cute.

    • خیلی نازی.
    • kheili naazi.

    If the two of you are getting on really well, this is a fun, flirtatious phrase to use.

    What do you think of this place?

    • نظرت در باره اینجا چیه؟
    • nazaret dar baareh-ye einja chiyeh?

    This another good conversation starter. Show off your Persian language skills!

    Can I see you again?

    • میتونم دوباره ببینمت؟
    • mitoonam dobaareh bebinamet?

    So the date went really well - don’t waste time! Make sure you will see each other again.

    Shall we go somewhere else?

    • می خوای بریم یه جای دیگه؟
    • mikhaai berim yeh jaay-e digeh?

    If the place you meet at is not great, you can suggest going elsewhere. It is also a good question to follow the previous one. Variety is the spice of life!

    I know a good place.

    • یه جای خوب می شناسم.
    • yeh jaay-e khoob mishnaasam.

    Use this with the previous question. However, don’t say if you don’t know a good place!

    I will drive you home.

    • میرسونمت خونه با ماشین.
    • miresoonamet khooneh baa maashin.

    If your date doesn’t have transport, this is a polite, considerate offer. However, don’t be offended if she/he turns you down on the first date. Especially a woman might not feel comfortable letting you drive her home when the two of you are still basically strangers.

    That was a great evening.

    • شب خیلی خوبی بود.
    • shab-e kheili khoobi bood.

    This is a good phrase to end the evening with.

    When can I see you again?

    • کی می تونم باز ببینمت؟
    • key mitoonam baaz bebinamet?

    If he/she replied ‘Yes’ to ‘Can I see you again?’, this is the next important question.

    I’ll call you.

    • بهت زنگ میزنم.
    • behet zang mizanam.

    Say this only if you really mean to do it. In many cultures, this could imply that you’re keeping the proverbial backdoor open.

    Sneak Peek! Log in to Download this Cheat Sheet!Sneak Peek! Log in to Download this Cheat Sheet!

    2. The Most Romantic Ideas for a Date

    You learned all the Persian phrases to make a date - congratulations! Now you have to decide where to meet, which can be tricky. Discuss these options with your lover to gauge whether you like the same things. Check out romantic date ideas in Persian below!

    Date Ideas in Persian

    museum

    • موزه
    • Mooze

    If you’re looking for unique date ideas that are fun but won’t break the bank, museums are the perfect spot! You won’t be running out of things to say in the conversations.

    candlelit dinner

    • شام رمانتیک
    • shaam-e romaantic

    A candlelit dinner is perhaps best to reserve for when the relationship is getting serious. It’s very intimate, and says: “Romance!” It’s a fantastic choice if you’re sure you and your date are in love with each other!

    go to the zoo

    • رفتن به باغ وحش
    • raftan beh baagh-e vahsh

    This is a good choice for shy lovers who want to get the conversation going. Just make sure your date likes zoos, as some people dislike them. Maybe not for the first date, but this is also a great choice if your lover has children - you’ll win his/her adoration for inviting them along!

    go for a long walk

    • رفتن برای پیاده روی طولانی
    • raftan baraay-e piyaadeh ravi-e toolaani

    Need to talk about serious stuff, or just want to relax with your date? Walking together is soothing, and a habit you can keep up together always! Just make sure it’s a beautiful walk that’s not too strenuous.

    go to the opera

    • رفتن به اپرا
    • raftan beh operaa

    This type of date should only be attempted if both of you love the opera. It can be a special treat, followed by a candlelit dinner!

    go to the aquarium

    • رفتن به آکواریوم
    • raftan beh aakvaariom

    Going to the aquarium is another good idea if you need topics for conversation, or if you need to impress your lover’s kids! Make sure your date doesn’t have a problem with aquariums.

    walk on the beach

    • قدم زدن در ساحل
    • qadam zadan dar saahel

    This can be a very romantic stroll, especially at night! The sea is often associated with romance and beauty.

    have a picnic

    • پیک نیک رفتن
    • pik nik raftan

    If you and your date need to get more comfortable together, this can be a fantastic date. Spending time in nature is soothing and calms the nerves.

    cook a meal together

    • با هم غذا پختن
    • baa ham ghazaa pokhtan

    If you want to get an idea of your date’s true character in one go, this is an excellent date! You will quickly see if the two of you can work together in a confined space. If it works, it will be fantastic for the relationship and create a sense of intimacy. If not, you will probably part ways!

    have dinner and see a movie

    • شام خوردن و فیلم دیدن
    • shaam khordan va film didan

    This is traditional date choice works perfectly well. Just make sure you and your date like the same kind of movies!

    3. Must-know Valentine’s Day Vocabulary

    Valentine's Day Words in Persian

    Expressing your feelings honestly is very important in any relationship all year round. Yet, on Valentine’s Day you really want to shine. Impress your lover this Valentine’s with your excellent vocabulary, and make his/her day! We teach you, in fun, effective ways, the meanings of the words and how to pronounce them. You can also copy the characters and learn how to write ‘I love you’ in Persian - think how impressed your date will be!

    4. Persian Love Phrases for Valentine’s Day

    So, you now have the basic Valentine’s Day vocabulary under your belt. Well done! But, do you know how to say ‘I love you’ in Persian yet? Or perhaps you are still only friends. So, do you know how to say ‘I like you’ or ‘I have a crush on you’ in Persian? No? Don’t worry, here are all the love phrases you need to bowl over your Persian love on this special day!

    Valentine's Day Words in Persian

    You mean so much to me.

    • تو خیلی برای من ارزشمندی.
    • to kheili baraaye man arzeshmandi.

    This is a beautiful expression of gratitude that will enhance any relationship! It makes the receiver feel appreciated and their efforts recognized.

    Will you be my Valentine?

    • ولنتاین با من خواهی بود؟
    • valentaayn baa man khaahi bood?

    With these words, you are taking your relationship to the next level! Or, if you have been a couple for a while, it shows that you still feel the romance. So, go for it!

    You’re so beautiful.

    • خیلی زیبایی.
    • kheili zibaayi.

    If you don’t know how to say ‘You’re pretty’ in Persian, this is a good substitute, gentlemen!

    I think of you as more than a friend.

    • بیش از یک دوست روی شما حساب می‌کنم.
    • bish az yek doost rooye shomaa hesaab mikonam.

    Say this if you are not yet sure that your romantic feelings are reciprocated. It is also a safe go-to if you’re unsure about the Persian dating culture.

    A hundred hearts would be too few to carry all my love for you.

    • صد قلب هم برای رساندن همه عشق من به تو خیلی کم است.
    • sad qalb ham baraaye resaandan-e hameye eshq-e man be to kheili kam ast.

    You romantic you…! When your heart overflows with love, this would be the best phrase to use.

    Love is just love. It can never be explained.

    • عشق فقط عشق است. این هرگز قابل وصف نیست.
    • eshq faqat eshq ast. in hargez qaabel-e vasf nist.

    If you fell in love unexpectedly or inexplicably, this one’s for you.

    You’re so handsome.

    • خیلی خوش‌تیپ هستی.
    • kheili khosh tip hasti.

    Ladies, this phrase lets your Persian love know how much you appreciate his looks! Don’t be shy to use it; men like compliments too.

    I’ve got a crush on you.

    • من بهت علاقه دارم.
    • man behet alaagheh daaram.

    If you like someone, but you’re unsure about starting a relationship, it would be prudent to say this. It simply means that you like someone very, very much and think they’re amazing.

    You make me want to be a better man.

    • تو کاری کردی که من بخواهم مرد بهتری بشوم.
    • to kaari kardi ke man bekhaaham mard-e behtari beshavam.

    Gentlemen, don’t claim this phrase as your own! It hails from the movie ‘As Good as it Gets’, but it is sure to make your Persian girlfriend feel very special. Let her know that she inspires you!

    Let all that you do be done in love.

    • بگذار هر کاری که می‌کنی برای عشق باشد.
    • Begzaar har kaari keh mikoni baraay-e eshq baashad.

    We hope.

    You are my sunshine, my love.

    • تو عشق منی، آفتاب منی.
    • to eshgh-e mani, aaftaab-e mani.

    A compliment that lets your lover know they bring a special quality to your life. Really nice!

    Words can’t describe my love for you.

    • کلمات از وصف عشق من به تو عاجزند.
    • kalamaat az vasf-e eshgh-e man be to aajezand.

    Better say this when you’re feeling serious about the relationship! It means that your feelings are very intense.

    We were meant to be together.

    • ما باید با هم باشیم.
    • maa baayad baa ham baashim.

    This is a loving affirmation that shows you see a future together, and that you feel a special bond with your partner.

    If you were thinking about someone while reading this, you’re definitely in love.

    • اگر موقع خواندن این مطلب به کسی فکر می‌کنید، حتما عاشق شده‌اید.
    • agar moqe’e khaandan-e in matlab be kasi fekr mikonid, hatman aasheq shode id.

    Here’s something fun to tease your lover with. And hope he/she was thinking of you!

    I love you.

    • دوستتان دارم.
    • doostetaan daaram.

    Saying ‘I love you’ in Persian carries the same weight as in all languages. Use this only if you’re sure and sincere about your feelings for your partner/friend.

    5. Persian Quotes about Love

    Persian Love Quotes

    You’re a love champ! You and your Persian lover are getting along fantastically, your dates are awesome, your Valentine’s Day together was spectacular, and you’re very much in love. Good for you! Here are some beautiful phrases of endearment in Persian that will remind him/her who is in your thoughts all the time.

    6. Marriage Proposal Lines

    Persian Marriage Proposal Lines

    Wow. Your Persian lover is indeed the love of your life - congratulations! And may only happiness follow the two of you! In most traditions, the man asks the woman to marry; this is also the Persian custom. Here are a few sincere and romantic lines that will help you to ask your lady-love for her hand in marriage.

    7. 15 Most Common Break-Up Lines

    Persian Break-Up Lines

    Instead of moving towards marriage or a long-term relationship, you find that the spark is not there for you. That is a pity! But even though breaking up is never easy, continuing a bad or unfulfilling relationship would be even harder. Remember to be kind to the person you are going to say goodbye to; respect and sensitivity cost nothing. Here are some phrases to help you break up gently.

  • We need to talk.
    • ما باید صحبت کنیم.
    • maa baayad sohbat konim.

    This is not really a break-up line, but it is a good conversation opener with a serious tone.

    It’s not you. It’s me.

    • این شما نیستی. من هستم.
    • in shoma nisti. man hastam.

    As long as you mean it, this can be a kind thing to say. It means that there’s nothing wrong with your Persian lover as a person, but that you need something different from a relationship.

    I’m just not ready for this kind of relationship.

    • من آماده این نوع رابطه نیستم.
    • Man aamadeh-ye in noe raabeteh nistam.

    Things moved a bit fast and got too intense, too soon? Painful as it is, honesty is often the best way to break up with somebody.

    Let’s just be friends.

    • بیا فقط دوست باشیم.
    • biaa faqat doost baashim.

    If the relationship was very intense, and you have sent many ‘i love u’ texts in Persian, this would not be a good breakup line. Feelings need to calm down before you can be friends, if ever. If the relationship has not really developed yet, a friendship would be possible.

    I think we need a break.

    • فکر می‌کنم ما نیاز به فرصت داریم.
    • fekr mikonam maa niaaz be forsat daarim.

    This is again honest, and to the point. No need to play with someone’s emotions by not letting them know how you feel. However, this could imply that you may fall in love with him/her again after a period of time, so use with discretion.

    You deserve better.

    • شایسته بهتر از این هستی.
    • shaayesteye behtar az in hasti.

    Yes, he/she probably deserves a better relationship if your own feelings have cooled down.

    We should start seeing other people.

    • ما باید شروع به دیدن افراد دیگر کنیم .
    • maa baayad shoroo’ be didan-e afraad-e digar konim.

    This is probably the least gentle break-up phrase, so reserve it for a lover that doesn’t get the message!

    I need my space.

    • من فضای شخصی خودم را می‌خواهم.
    • man fazaaye shakhsiye khodam raa mikhaaham.

    When a person is too clingy or demanding, this would be an suitable break-up phrase. It is another good go-to for that lover who doesn’t get the message!

    I think we’re moving too fast.

    • فکر کنم ما داریم خیلی سریع حرکت می‌کنیم.
    • fekr konam maa daarim kheili sari’ harekat mikonim.

    Say this if you want to keep the relationship, but need to slow down its progress a bit. It is also good if you feel things are getting too intense for your liking. However, it is not really a break-up line, so be careful not to mislead.

    I need to focus on my career.

    • من باید روی کارم تمرکز کنم.
    • man baayad rooye kaaram tamarkoz konam.

    If you feel that you will not be able to give 100% in a relationship due to career demands, this is the phrase to use. It’s also good if you are unwilling to give up your career for a relationship.

    I’m not good enough for you.

    • من به اندازه کافی برای تو خوب نیستم.
    • man be andaazeye kaafi baraaye to khoob nistam.

    Say this only if you really believe it, or you’ll end up sounding false. Break-ups are usually hard for the receiving party, so don’t insult him/her with an insincere comment.

    I just don’t love you anymore.

    • من دیگر شما را دوست ندارم.
    • man digar shomaa raa doost nadaaram.

    This harsh line is sometimes the best one to use if you are struggling to get through to a stubborn, clingy lover who won’t accept your break up. Use it as a last resort. Then switch your phone off and block their emails!

    We’re just not right for each other.

    • ما دیگر حقی نسبت به یکدیگر نداریم..
    • maa digar haqi nesbat be yekdigar nadaarim.

    If this is how you truly feel, you need to say it. Be kind, gentle and polite.

    It’s for the best.

    • این برای بهترین است.
    • in baraaye behtarin ast.

    This phrase is called for if circumstances are difficult and the relationship is not progressing well. Love should enhance one’s life, not burden it!

    We’ve grown apart.

    • ما از هم دور شدیم.
    • Maa az ham door shodim.

    Cross-cultural relationships are often long-distance ones, and it is easy to grow apart over time.

  • 8. Will Falling in Love help you Learn Persian faster?

    Most people will agree that the above statement is a no-brainer - of course it will! Your body will be flooded with feel-good hormones, which are superb motivators for anything. PersianPod101 is one of the best portals to help help make this a reality, so don’t hesitate to enroll now! Let’s quickly look at the reasons why falling in love will speed up your learning of the Persian language.

    Three Reasons Why Having a Lover will Help you Learn Persian Faster!

    null

    1- Being in a love relationship with your Persian speaking partner will immerse you in the culture
    PersianPod101 uses immersive methods and tools to teach you Persian, but having a relationship with a native speaker will be a very valuable addition to your learning experience! You will gain exposure to their world, realtime and vividly, which will make the language come alive even more for you. The experience is likely to expand your world-view, which should motivate you to learn Persian even faster.

    2- Having your Persian romantic partner will mean more opportunity to practice speaking
    Nothing beats continuous practice when learning a new language. Your partner will probably be very willing to assist you in this, as your enhanced Persian language skills will enhance the relationship. Communication is, after all, one of the most important pillars of a good partnership. Also, you will get to impress your lover with the knowledge gained through your studies - a win/win situation!

    3- A supportive Persian lover is likely to make a gentle, patient teacher and study aid!
    With his/her heart filled with love and goodwill for you, your Persian partner is likely to patiently and gently correct your mistakes when you speak. This goes not only for grammar, but also for accent and meaning. With his/her help, you could sound like a native in no time!

    Three Reasons Why PersianPod101 helps you learn Persian Even Faster when you’re In Love

    Start with a bonus, and download the ‘How To be a Good Lover Cheat Sheet’ for FREE! (Logged-In Member Only)

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - How to be a Good Lover in Persian

    1- All the Resources and Materials Will Help Both of You
    Falling in love with a man or woman speaking Persian is an opportunity for both of you to learn a new language! For this reason, every lesson, transcript, vocabulary list, and resource at PersianPod101 is translated into both English and Persian. So, while your partner can help you learn Persian faster, you can potentially also help him/her learn and master English!

    2- Lessons Are Designed to Help You Understand and Engage with Persian Culture
    At PersianPod101, our focus is to help our students learn practical vocabulary and phrases used by everyday people in Iran. This means that, from your very first lesson, you can apply what you learn immediately! So, when your Persian partner wants to go out to a restaurant, play Pokemon Go, or attend just about any social function, you have the vocabulary and phrases necessary to have a great time!

    3- Access to Special Resources Dedicated to Romantic Persian Phrases
    You now have access to PersianPod101’s specially-developed sections and tools to teach you love words, phrases, and cultural insights to help you find and attract your Persian soul mate. A personal tutor will assist you to master these brilliantly - remember to invite him/her to your wedding!

    Secret Revealed: The Best Way to Learn a Language on Your Own

    Learning A Language on Your Own

    Can You Really Learn Persian Alone?

    Learning a language on your own or without traditional classroom instruction may seem quite daunting at first. What if you run into questions? How do you stay motivated and on track to achieving goals?

    Don’t worry, not only is it possible to learn Persian or any language without traditional classroom instruction: PersianPod101 has created the world’s most advanced and extensive online language learning system. Not only is PersianPod101 specifically designed to help you with learning a language on your own, it’s actually faster, more convenient, and less expensive than traditional classroom options!

    Let’s look at some of the benefits of learning Persian or any language alone.

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - How to Improve Your Language Skills!

    Also, don’t forget to download your free cheat sheet - How to Improve Your Language Skills too!

    3 Reasons to Learn a Language Alone

    Learning Alone

    1. Learn at Your Own Pace and On Your Schedule

    In today’s fast-paced world, there just isn’t time for traditional classroom instruction. Between getting to class and studying on some professor or teacher’s schedule, traditional classroom learning is simply impossible to fit in. But when you learn Persian alone, you can study in bed if you like and whenever suits your schedule best, making it far easier to actually reach your goal of learning and mastering the language.

    2. Learning a Language on Your Own Reduces Stress and Anxiety

    Speaking in front of a class, pop quizzes, and tests are just a few of the stressors you will encounter when you learn a language in a traditional classroom setting. Specifically, these are external stressors that often derail most people’s dream of learning a new language. But when you learn Persian alone, there are no external stressors. Without the external stress and anxiety, it becomes much easier and more exciting to study Persian and reach your very own goals—all on your own!

    3. Learning Persian Alone Helps Improve Cognitive Function and Overall Success

    Learning a language on your own is indeed more challenging in some ways than being taught in a traditional classroom setting. In fact, while classroom instruction requires more rote memorization and following instructions, studying a language on your own requires more problem-solving and higher cognitive function to self-teach lessons and hit goals. So while it’s more challenging and requires higher levels of cognition, teaching yourself a language pays dividends throughout life by better preparing you for social/work opportunities that arise.

    How to Learn a Language on Your Own with PersianPod101

    Learning with PersianPod101

    1. Access to the World’s Largest Collection of Persian Audio & Video Lessons

    The best way to learn a language on your own is to study from native speaking instructors. Ideally, you want audio and/or video lessons that teach vocabulary, grammar, and provide actual Persian conversations and dialogue to help you with pronunciation. PersianPod101 has hundreds of hours of HD audio and video lessons created by real Persian instructors and every lesson is presented by professional Persian actors for perfect pronunciation. Plus, all lessons can be accessed 24/7 via any mobile device with Internet access. And, if you download the PDF versions of each lesson, you can even study without Internet access once the lesson is stored on your device!

    2. “Learning Paths” with Persian Courses Based Upon Your Exact Needs & Goals

    Although PersianPod101 has more than thousands of video and audio lessons, you need not review each and every one to learn the language. In fact, PersianPod101 has developed a feature called “Learning Paths”. You simply tell us your goals and we will identify the best courses and study plan to help you reach them in the shortest time possible. So even though you are technically learning a language on your own, our team is always here to help and make sure you reach your goals FAST!

    3. Advanced Learning Tools Reduce Learning Time and Boost Retention

    When you have the right tools and Persian learning resources, it’s actually easy to teach yourself a language! In the past 10+ years, PersianPod101 has developed, tested, and refined more than 20 advanced learning tools to boost retention and reduce learning time, including:

    • Spaced Repetition Flashcards
    • Line-by-Line Dialogue Breakdown
    • Review Quizzes
    • Voice Recording Tools to Help Perfect Pronunciation
    • Teacher Feedback and Comments for Each Lesson
    • Persian Dictionary with Pronunciation
    • Free PDF Cheat Sheets
    • And Much More!

    Armed with our growing collection of advanced learning tools, it’s truly a breeze to learn Persian alone and reach your goals!

    Conclusion

    Learning a language on your own is not only possible, it’s actually easier and more beneficial for you than traditional classroom instruction. In fact, when you learn Persian on your own you can study at your own pace, eliminate stress, and actually increase cognitive function.

    PersianPod101 is the world’s most advanced online language learning system and a great resource to help you teach yourself a new language. With the world’s largest collection of HD audio and video lessons, more than 20 advanced learning tools, and customized “Learning Paths”, PersianPod101 makes learning a new language easier, more convenient, and less expensive than traditional classroom instruction.

    And the best part is: With PersianPod101, you can study in bed, your car, or wherever you have a few spare minutes of time. Create your Free Lifetime Account now and get a FREE ebook to help “kickstart” your dream of learning a language on your own below!

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - How to Improve Your Language Skills!

    Language Learning Tips: How to Avoid Awkward Silences

    Avoid Awkward Silences

    Yes, even beginners can quickly learn conversational Persian well enough to carry on real conversations with native speakers. Of course, beginners won’t be able to carry a conversation the same way they could in their native language. But, just knowing a few tips like which questions to ask to keep a conversation going are all you need to speak and interact with real native speakers! But before we get to specific suggestions, let’s first take a closer look at how having real Persian conversations is so vital to your mastery of the language.

    Learning to Carry a Conversation is Vital to Mastery of Any Language

    Communicating with other people is the very point of language and conversation is almost second nature in our native tongue. For beginners or anyone learning a new language, conversations aren’t easy at all and even simple Persian greetings can be intimidating and awkward.

    However, there are 3 vital reasons why you should learn conversational Persian as quickly as possible:

    • Avoid Awkward Silences: Nothing kills a conversation faster than long periods of awkward silence, so you need practice and specific strategies to avoid them.
    • Improve the Flow of Conversation to Make a Better Impression: When you know what to say to keep a conversation going, communication becomes much easier and you make a better impression on your listener.
    • Master the Language Faster: Nothing will help you learn to speak Persian faster and truly master the language than having real conversations with native speakers. Conversations quickly expose you to slang, cultural expressions, and vocabulary that force you to absorb and assimilate information faster than any educational setting—and that’s a great thing!

    But how can you possibly have real conversations with real Persian people if you are just starting out?

    3 Conversation Strategies for Beginners

    Conversation

    1. Ask Questions to Keep a Conversation Going

    For beginners and even more advanced speakers, the key is to learn to ask questions to keep a conversation going. Of course, they can’t be just random questions or else you may confuse the listener. But, by memorizing a few key questions and the appropriate time to use them, you can easily carry a conversation with minimal vocabulary or experience. And remember, the more Persian conversations you have, the quicker you will learn and master the language!

    2. Learn Core Vocabulary Terms as Quickly as Possible

    You don’t need to memorize 10,000’s of words to learn conversational Persian. In fact, with just a couple hundred Persian words you could have a very basic Persian conversation. And by learning maybe 1,000-2,000 words, you could carry a conversation with a native speaker about current events, ordering in restaurants, and even getting directions.

    3. Study Videos or Audio Lessons that You Can Play and Replay Again and Again

    If you want to know how to carry a conversation in Persian, then you need exposure to native speakers—and the more the better. Ideally, studying video or audio lessons is ideal because they provide contextualized learning in your native language and you can play them again and again until mastery.

    PersianPod101 Makes it Easier and More Convenient Than Ever to Learn Conversational Persian

    Learning Persian

    For more than 10 years, PersianPod101 has been helping students learn to speak Persian by creating the world’s most advanced online language learning system. Here are just a few of the specific features that will help you learn conversational Persian fast using our proven system:

    • The Largest Collection of HD Video & Audio Lessons from Real Persian Instructors: PersianPod101 instructors have created hundreds of video and audio lessons that you can play again and again. And the best part is: They don’t just teach you Persian vocabulary and grammar, they are designed to help you learn to speak Persian and teach you practical everyday topics like shopping, ordering, etc!
    • Pronunciation Tools: Use this feature to record and compare yourself with native speakers to quickly improve your pronunciation and fluency!
    • 2000 Common Persian Words: Also known as our Core List, these 2,000 words are all you need to learn to speak fluently and carry a conversation with a native speaker!

    In all, more than 20 advanced learning tools help you quickly build vocabulary and learn how to carry a conversation with native speakers—starting with your very first lesson.

    Conclusion

    Although it may seem intimidating for a beginner, the truth is that it is very easy to learn conversational Persian. By learning a few core vocabulary terms and which questions to ask to keep a conversation going, just a little practice and exposure to real Persian conversations or lessons is all it really takes. PersianPod101 has created the world’s largest online collection of video and audio lessons by real instructors plus loads of advanced tools to help you learn to speak Persian and carry a conversation quickly.

    Act now and we’ll also include a list of the most commonly used questions to keep a conversation going so you can literally get started immediately!

    How to Transform Your Daily Commute Into Learning a Language

    Learn a language during your commute!

    Today, classrooms are no longer the only or even best place to learn a new language like Persian. More and more people are finding that they can easily learn a language just about anywhere they have a few minutes of spare time, including their daily commute to work. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the average American spends over 50 minutes a day commuting to and from work, or over 300 hours a year.

    Rethinking Your Daily Commute to Work

    But rather than simply sitting in traffic and wasting the time, you can instead use your daily commute to literally learn Persian in just a few short months! PersianPod101 has developed specialized learning tools that you can use on your commute to work (and home again) to master the language in your spare time. Keep reading to learn how to get your free audiobook to use on your next commute so you can see for yourself how easy it is to transform “dead time” into realizing your dream of learning a new language!

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - How to Improve Your Language Skills!

    But before we look at how to transform your commute home into a mini-classroom, let’s take a closer look at 4 reasons why traditional classroom settings just aren’t the best option for most people in today’s fast-paced world.

    • Difficulty Getting to and From Class
    • Learning on Someone Else’s Schedule
    • Very Expensive and May Cost $1,000’s to Complete
    • Can Take Years to Finally Complete Classes and Learn the Language

    The simple truth is that traditional classroom instruction is simply not a viable option for most people in today’s very fast-paced, time-starved world. Now let’s examine how you can learn a language faster, more easily, and at far less expense than traditional classes—all during your commute to work and back home again!

    Bus

    3 Reasons Your Daily Commute Can Help You Master a Language

    1. The Average Commute Time is More than 300 Hours Per Year

    Between the commute to work and getting back home again, over 6 hours a week is completely wasted and not helping you reach any goals or objectives. But thanks to online language learning platforms with audiobooks and other resources that you can access during your commute, you can easily transform wasted time into tangible progress towards learning a new language. With over 300 hours available annually, your daily commute could provide you with enough time to literally master a new language each and every year!

    2. Increase Your Earning Potential While Commuting to Work

    How would you like to transform all those spare commuting hours each week into more money for a new car, house, or even a dream vacation? According to research, someone making $30,000 per year can boost their annual income by $600 or more per year by learning a second language. Added up over the course of a lifetime, you can boost your total earnings by $70,000 or more while achieving your dream of learning a new language during your daily commute!

    How? From work-at-home translation jobs to working overseas, there are many ways to leverage your second language into more money in your bank account! So instead of wasting your precious time, you can make your commute more productive and profitable and the more languages you learn, the higher your income potential.

    3. Repetition is Key to Mastering a New Language

    Not sure if it’s practical to learn another language while commuting to and from work each day? Well not only is it possible—learning in your car on the way to and from work each day can actually help you learn and master Persian or any language much faster! The simple truth is that repetition is absolutely vital to truly internalizing and mastering any language. So, if you listen to audiobooks or even audio lessons on your commute to work and then repeat the same lesson on your commute home, the information is more likely to be “locked-in” to your long-term memory!

    Learning

    5 Ways PersianPod101 Makes It Easy to Learn a Language On Your Commute

    PersianPod101 has been helping people just like yourself learn and master Persian in the comfort of their home, during their daily commute, or any place they have a few minutes of spare time. Here are five features provided by PersianPod101 that make it easy to learn a new language while commuting to and from work:

    1. The Largest Collection of Audio Lessons on Planet by Native Speaking Instructors
    Every single week, PersianPod101 creates new audio lessons by native speaking instructors. All lessons are short, to the point, and guaranteed to improve your mastery of Persian.

    2. Word of the Day
    Simply exposing yourself to new information and vocabulary terms helps increase your fluency and mastery of Persian. So every single day, PersianPod101 adds a new Word of the Day for you to learn and memorize during your commute.

    3. Daily Dose Mini-Lessons
    Have a short commute to work but still want to make progress towards learning and mastering Persian? Not a problem! Our Daily Dose Mini-Lessons are 1-minute or less and designed to improve your grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation.

    4. All Content Available on a Convenient Mobile App
    You don’t need a PC or tablet to learn Persian during your daily commute. At PersianPod101, all of our lessons, tools, and resources are available 24/7 via our Mobile App. That means you can access all of our audio lessons and other tools during your commute to work or any time you have a few spare moments!

    5. Audiobooks and Other Supplemental Resources
    In addition to the world’s largest online collection of HD audio lessons, PersianPod101 has also created several audiobooks to enhance your understanding and make it more convenient than ever to learn a language during your commute!

    Conclusion

    The average commute time of most Americans is over 300 hours each year and it’s the perfect opportunity to learn and master a new language. In fact, you can use the “dead time” during your daily commute to learn a new language and potentially boost your lifetime earnings by up to $70,000 or more! Whatever your motivation, PersianPod101 has the tools and resources necessary to help you learn a new language each year during your commute to and from work. Act now and we’ll even provide you with a free audiobook to try out on your next commute!

    Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - How to Improve Your Language Skills!