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Lesson Transcript

Salam be hamegi, Sāre hastam! Hi everybody! I’m Sareh.
Welcome to PersianPod101.com’s “Persian in 3 minutes”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Persian.
In the last lesson we learned the phrase Chand ast which means “How much is it?” In this lesson you’ll learn how we can answer that question by counting Tomāns in Persian.
Let’s try to say prices in Persian. Saying prices is very easy in Persian. You just say a Number and add Tomān to it.
Start by trying to say "150 Tomāns". Remember how to say 100 and 50? Now add an o between them, and make the number!
Sad o panjāh Tomān
[slowly] Sado panjāh Tomān.
Currently, since the value of the toman has fallen so much, the standard prices are more than a thousand, and the notes come in 1,000; 2,000; 5,000; 10,000; 50,000; and 100,000 Tomān units.
To be able to understand shopping and prices in Persian, we have no choice but to learn higher numbers.
In our previous lessons, we learned to count to 200.
Let's have a quick look at the numbers from 100 to 1000. If you memorize them, forming numbers up to 1 million will be super easy! Now I'll give you the hundreds:
100- Sad
200- Devist
300 - Sisad
400 - Chāhārsad.
500 - Pānsad.
600 - Sheshsad.,
700 - Hafsad
800 - Hashsad.
900 - Nohsad
1000 - Hezār
If you remember the numbers in our past lessons, you might see the similarities, and also their connection with the number sad.
Here again, making a number is really easy: you just need to put an o in the middle of each number! Here are some examples:
1236 :"One thousand two hundred thirty six"
Hezār o Devist o Si o Shesh.
864: "Eight hundred sixty four"
Hashtsad o Shast o Chāhār.
222: "Two hundred twenty two"
Devist o Bist o Do.
[E screen-ws]
As for the thousands, you just need a number, or one of the tens, or one of the hundreds before Hezār. Just like in English.
2000 : Two thousand
Do Hezār
20,000 - Twenty thousand
Bist Hezār
200,000 - Two hundred thousand
Devist Hezār
250,000 - Two hundred fifty thousand
Devist o Panjāh Hezār
255,200 - Two hundred fifty five thousand and two hundred
Devist o Panjāh o Panj Hezār o Devist
Now, how do you say 900,999?
It consist of these numbers:
900,000 Nohsad Hezār
900 Nohsad
90 Navad
9 Noh
Now let’s add o... we made it!
Nohsad Hezār o Nohsad o Navad o Noh
"Nine hundred thousand and nine hundred ninety nine"
What about 555,555?
Pānsad o Panjāh o Panj hezār o Pānsad o Panjāh o Panj
"Five hundred fifty five thousand and five hundred fifty five"
Congratulations! Now you can count any numbers in Persian! Add Tomān to them and you can understand prices while shopping anywhere in Iran, or any other Persian speaking country!
Now it’s time for Sareh’s Insights.
Though in Iran the official currency is Riāl, because its value is too low to be used, people use Tomān in everyday transactions as it makes up an amount of 10 Riāls.
There is no other currency unit, since Riāl is also not being used anymore. So basically all you need is to learn the actual numbers.
You should ask your friends in Iran if they want to go shopping with you to practice these phrases! But first you’ll have to check if they have other plans or not. Do you know how to ask that in Persian? If not, I’ll see you in the next lesson!
Tā diidar e ba'di!!