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Lesson Transcript

Salām be hamegi! Man Anita hastam. Hi everybody! I’m Anita
Welcome to PersianPod101.com’s “Persian in 3 minutes.” The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Persian.
In the last lesson, you learned how to use the verb doost dāshtan.
In this lesson, you will learn how to use āmadan, the fourth verb in our series dedicated to the most common Persian verbs.
āmadan means "to come" in Persian, and we use it a lot! The past root is " āmad" and the present root is "āy, ā".
So let’s go! bezan berim!!
Imagine a friend of yours is organizing a road trip and he asks you: Bā mā miāyi? That means "Are you coming with us?"
So supposing you want to go, you will answer āre, Bā shomā Miāyam! That means "Yes I’m coming with you!"
[slowly] āre, Bā shomā Miāyam!.
If you want to speak formally, You need to use bale instead of āre.
So let’s break down this answer:
First we had:
āre which is simply "Yeah."
Then bā, which is "with" in Persian.
After that we have Shomā, which is the plural pronoun for "You".
Finally we had Miāyam which is "I'm coming". Notice that it consists of Mi+āy - the present root for āmadan + am! Do you get the idea? So, altogether it is āre, Bā shomā Miāyam!.
In Persian, āmadan is exactly the same as "to come."
The basic meaning is "to go somewhere with someone", or to join other people.
It is a very common verb that you should be careful not to mix up with raftan, which only means "to go to", as we’ve seen before.
Āmadan is often used to suggest an invitation to someone. If you are organizing a party, for example, you can invite your guests by asking them Be mehmānie man miāyid? That is "are you coming to my party?"
To answer this question, you can add something before this verb, as in āre, Bā doostānam Miāyam. Here you said "Yes, I am coming with some friends."
The common expression to say you are coming with your girlfriend is bale/or/āre, Bā "doost e dokhtaram" Miāyam. which literally means "Yes I’m coming with my girlfriend."
The verb āmadan is also often used as an order or as motivational advice, by prefixing be to the present root with personal endings.
The be prefix will become bi if the first word of the verb's present root had vowels.
For example Bā man biā! - informal or Bā man biāyid - formal, which means "Come with me!"
Now it’s time for Anita's Advice
When someone enters a room, or you invite someone to enter in a room, you can also use the verb āmadan.
biā too- informal, or biāyid too - formal.
That means "Come in!"
There is another common phrase which is also used a lot. It is khosh āmadid / āmadi Which means “Welcome {you come with happiness}”.
In this lesson, you learned how to use the verb āmadan to ask people to join others!
So now, our lesson series about common Persian verbs is over, and from the next lesson, we will jump into some very important interrogative Persian words!
Do you know how to ask questions starting with "What" in Persian? I’ll be waiting for you with the answer in the next “Persian in 3 minutes” lesson!