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Lesson Transcript

Salām be hamegi! Man Anita hastam. Hi everybody! I’m Anita
Welcome to PersianPod101.com’s “Persian in 3 minutes.” The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Persian.
In the last lesson, we learned how to talk about age using the verb dāshtan, “to have.”
You can probably guess that dāshtan can also be used to talk about things you own. That will be the topic of this lesson.
In Persian, to ask informally if someone has something, you don’t need to use the word for "Do". The question is:
Māshin dāri? “You have a car?”
[slowly] Māshin dāri?
Wasn't that super easy? Let’s take a closer look at this question.
Māshin means “car”,
Remember dāri? it means “you have” in an informal way. You just need to change your intonation to make it sound like a question.
Māshin dāri?
So if you *do* have a car, how can you answer this question?
Just turn the verb dāshtan into 1st person—it’s really simple! You did it during the last lesson to talk about your age, remember?
“How old are you?” is Chand sāl dāri?
And we answered with your age plus dāram.
So in this case, we go from the question Māshin dāri? to the answer:
“Yes, I have.” Bale, dāram.
[slowly] Bale, dāram
You can be more specific by adding Māshin before dāram.
Bale, Māshin dāram. “Yes, I have a car.”
So say for example, that a classmate wants to borrow a pen from you. He might ask, Medād dāri? Which is “You have a pencil?” And what would be the answer?
Bale, Medād dāram. “Yes, I have a pencil.”
Okay, so now let’s look at the FORMAL way to ask someone if he or she has something.
If you remember, you had to add id to dāri to make a sentence plural or formal. Also, adding Āyā meaning "Do", to the beginning of the question, will make it more formal.
Āyā Māshin dārid? “Do you have a car?”
[slowly] Āyā Māshin dārid?
Now it’s time for Anita's Advice.
When asking if someone has something or not, sometimes we use the negative form of dāshtan - nadāshtan. This is common, especially among young people. "Don't you have a pencil?" is Medād Nadāri?
We will talk more about the negative verbs later!
In recent lessons, we have learned about the verbs Hast, “to be”, and dāshtan, “to have.”
Next time, we’ll learn how to use these two verbs in their negative forms in order to say “I’m not” and “I don’t have”.
I'll be waiting for you in the next “Persian in 3 minutes” lesson!