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Lesson Transcript

Salām be hamegi, Sāre hastam! Hi everybody! I’m Sareh.
Welcome to PersianPod101.com’s “Persian in 3 minutes”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Persian.
In the last lesson, we learned the numbers from one to ten. Have you forgotten? Here, I'll tell you again:
Yek, Do, Se, Chāhār, Panj, Shesh, Haft, Hasht, Noh, Dah!!
And now let’s continue from eleven. Notice that all of the numbers, except 20, have Dah in the end.
[slowly] Yāzdah.
[slowly] Davāzdah.
[slowly] Sizdah.
[slowly] Chāhārdah.
[slowly] Pānzadah.
[slowly] Shānzdah.
[slowly] Hevdah.
[slowly] Hejdah.
[slowly] Noozdah.
And finally we have:
[slowly] Bist.
Okay, now repeat after me. I'll say the numbers and give you time to repeat each one.
11. Yāzdah
12. Davāzdah
13. Sizdah
14. Chāhārdah
15. Pānzadah
16. Shānzdah
17. Hevdah
18. Hejdah
19. Noozdah
20. Bist
These numbers may seem harder to remember, but you really just have to memorize them; some of them look totally like their base numbers. For example, Chāhārdah and Chāhār.
But others, you can only memorize them by their first letter similarities to their base numbers. Like the Y in Yek and Yāzdah, D in Do and Davāzdah, Sizdah and Seh, and so on.
Let’s not stop at 20! Counting from ten to one hundred is super easy! Now I'll give you the tens:
30 - Si.
40 - Chehel.
50 - Panjāh.
60 - Shast,
70 - Haftād/
80 - Hashtād.
90 - Navad.
100 - Sad.
For memorizing them, there are again some that look like their base number, like Panjāh, Haftād, Hashtād. But others, you can only memorize them by their first letter similarities to their base numbers.
The last thing to learn in this lesson is how to form compound numbers above 20. This is also super easy!
You add one of the tens BEFORE any number from 1 to 9. Then you just add the genitive particle word o between them.
How would you say “fifty-six” in Persian? Let’s take it step-by-step. "Fifty" is Panjāh, and then you add the genitive particle o in the middle, before adding six, Shesh:
Panjāh o Shesh! It’s done! Isn’t that easy?
Let’s make some other numbers, for instance,
21 - Bist o Yek.
32 - Si o Do.
97- Navad o Haft.
101 - Sad o yek.
131 - Sad o Si o yek.
110 - Sad o dah.
And Now it’s time for Sareh’s tips
For numbers up to 100, you just need to remember 1 to 19 and all the basic numbers of 10s. If you remember them well, then you can easily make any numbers by adding an o between them. For beyond 100, it will be the same, though you need to memorize the basic numbers of 100s. So when you say 112, you add Hundred, Sad, before the word Twelve, Davāzdah: Sad o Davāzdah.
Now what will 199 be? I'm sure you know! Let's see how accurate it is...
A Hundred: Sad , Ninenty: Navad , Nine: Noh!
Yes! Sad o Navad o Noh!
After only two lessons, you are now able to count to 199 in Persian!
In the next lesson, we are going to put your number knowledge to use! Do you have all the skills you need to go shopping in Iran? If not, I'll be waiting for you in our next “Persian in 3 minutes” lesson.
Tā diidar e ba'di!