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Lesson Transcript

Becky: Hi everyone, Becky here, and welcome back to PersianPod101.com. This is Basic Bootcamp, Lesson 2 - Talking Nationality in Persian. This is the second in a five-part series that will help ease your way into Persian.
Mohammad: Salam, Man Mohammadam. I’m Mohammad.
Mohammad: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to introduce yourself and tell people where you’re from.
Becky: This is essential when you’re traveling to Iran, because that will be the first question people will probably want to ask you. Ok, let’s listen to the conversation.
Becky So Mohammad, Iran has always been a place that has attracted people from all around the world.
Mohammad: Maybe that's because of people’s curiosity about the culture and the country’s rich and ancient history.
Becky: Iran is a familiar name and it seems that everyone has heard about it somehow.
Mohammad: That's right, it's a country famous for so many things. It’s known as "The Country of the Black Gold".
Becky: Which refers to all its oil. Iran is also known for its hospitality. People are known to be very warm and kind.
Mohammad: It's true. Regardless of where you come from, or which part of Iran you're in, you are always welcomed by our people.
Becky: So why don't we use the opportunity to find out more about them and their country, by learning their language?
Mohammad: That sounds like a great idea!
Becky: Okay, now onto the vocab.
Becky: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Mohammad: We already studied the greeting " سلام " (Salam) meaning "Hello" in the previous lesson. And the " اسم من ... ه " (Esmeh man .... eh) ....
Becky: Right, it means “My name is …” Now before you say your nationality, you need one phrase. It is extremely important, and you will use it all the time
Mohammad: " من ... هستم. " (Man ... hastam)
Becky: It means “I am” in English. One more time, slowly.
Mohammad: " من ... هستم. " (Man ... hastam)
Becky: It's another way of saying your name too. That's why it's a very basic phrase in the Persian language.
Mohammad: That's right. We use it not only to say our nationality, but also our name, how we’re feeling, our occupation, and whatever else we ‘are’.
Becky: But Mohammad, it is a little different than the English "I am". In the dialogue, the word for nationality came between the two words "I" and "Am", instead of coming after them.
Mohammad: Yes. That’s because in the Persian language, the verb is always placed at the end of the sentence.
Becky: So the word for nationality, in this case "Iranian", is...
Mohammad: "ایرانی" (Irani)
Becky: And when we put it into a sentence, it becomes...
Mohammad: " من ایرانی هستم. " (Man Irani hastam)
Becky: Listeners, listen and repeat!
Mohammad: " من ایرانی هستم. " (Man Irani hastam) [pause]
Becky: So what was the other nationality we heard in the dialogue?
Mohammad: انگلیسی (Engelisi).
Becky: And that means “British”. So the whole sentence “I’m British” would be...
Mohammad: " من انگلیسی هستم. " (Man Engelisi hastam) Notice the words " من ... هستم. " (Man ... hastam) didn’t change. Just the word for an English person. In this case, انگلیسی (Engelisi).
Becky: That sounds pretty straightforward! Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about your nationality in Persian. We’ve learned how to say “I am Iranian” or “I am British”.
Mohammad: We used the phrase " من ... هستم. " (Man ... hastam), meaning "I am" in Persian. Then we added the nationality between the two words of this phrase.
Becky: Mohammad, tell us again what the words for "Iranian" and "British" were?
Mohammad: "ایرانی" (Irani), انگلیسی (Engelisi).
Becky: So, what do these two words have in common?
Mohammad: The "i" sound at the end, which indicates "Being From".
Becky: That's right. So, does this "i" sound exist in all nationality words?
Mohammad: Yes. To say the word for any nationality in the Persian language, you simply say the country's name, and add an "i" after it.
Becky: So, if you want to say you're Italian, the word becomes...
Mohammad: The country name "Italia", plus "i". "Italia-i".
Becky: And the word for "Chinese" is?
Mohammad: It's "Chin-i". The country name "Chin", plus "i".
Becky: This is the general rule, but there are some exceptions, right?
Mohammad: That's right. For example, "Russia" is "Roosiye" in Persian, but the word for "Russian" becomes "Roos-i".
Becky: And another example is?
Mohammad: "Faranseh" means "France" in Persian, while "French" becomes "Faransavi".
Becky: Great! Now let’s recap what we learned during this lesson. Listeners, we’ll give you a few seconds to answer before Mohammad does. How do you say, “I’m Iranian”?
Mohammad: {Pause} " من ایرانی هستم. " (Man Irani hastam).
Becky: And what about if you’re British?
Mohammad: {Pause} " من انگلیسی هستم. " (Man Engelisi hastam).
Becky: Great. Now, listeners, try to make some simple sentences using your own nationality.
Mohammad: And have fun with it!
Becky: You’ll find more nationalities in the lesson notes accompanying this lesson.
Mohammad: We hope everybody isn’t too tired after this boot camp!
Becky: Just keep practicing and you’ll have these down pat in no time.


Becky: That’s it for this lesson.
Mohammad: Thanks for listening. “Khoda Hafez”.
Becky: See you!