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Lesson Transcript

Mohammad: Hi everyone! I’m Mohammad!
Becky: And I’m Becky. Welcome back to PersianPod101.com! This is All About, Lesson 14 - Top 5 Persian Classroom Phrases. In this lesson, you’ll learn the phrases you may hear or need in a classroom.

Lesson focus

Mohammad: Both teachers and students may need and use them.
Becky: Okay, what’s the first phrase?
Mohammad: “Ejaze?"
Becky: It means ‘Excuse me’ or ‘May I?’ in Persian. I think that’s the first thing you learn to say in a classroom, and also the most commonly used phrase, as it’s asking for permission.
Mohammad: Yes, you use it all the time, to ask permission before doing or saying almost anything in a classroom. You can translate this phrase as ‘Excuse me?’, "Would you let me?", or "May I?". and usually you put an "Agha" meaning "Sir", or "Khanum" meaning "Madam" after this phrase.
Becky: Can you give us an example?
Mohammad: You can say "Ejaze Khanum?" or "Agha Ejaze?"
Becky: Ok, now, what’s the second phrase?
Mohammad: " (blank) et ro gharz midi?"
Becky: It means "Would you lend me your (blank)...", You can use this phrase between classmates.
Mohammad: Whenever you need to borrow something from your friend, you say its name and add "(blank)...et ro gharz midi?".
Becky: What does each word in this phrase mean, Mohammad?
Mohammad: "Et" is the singular form meaning "Your", and "Ro" or "Ra" is object indication, and "gharz midi" at the end is the verb meaning ‘to lend’. So it literally means "Would you lend me your (blank)?’
Becky: What about an example...?
Mohammad: "Ketab" means "Book". So when you need to borrow someone’s book, you can say "Ketabet ro gharz midi?" ‘Would you lend me the book?’
Becky: Great! Okay, let’s hear the next phrase.
Mohammad: "Soali darid?".
Becky: It means ‘Do you have any questions?’
Mohammad: "Soal" means "Question", and "i" means "Any". It's usually asked alone, without any pronouns.
Becky: But it can also be used after a general noun, like "Bacheha" which means "Children".
Mohammad: And it becomes "Bacheha soali darid?"
Becky: Which means “Kids, do you have any questions?”
Becky: Another phrase that is used a lot in a classroom is our next one -
Mohammad: "(blank)...etun ro az kifetoon dar biarid", or "(blank)...etun ro begzarid ruye miz."
Becky: This means ‘Take out (blank) from your bag.’ and ‘Put (blank) on your desk.’ respectively.
Mohammad: You might hear the name of the item, like the test results or your homework, before the word "etun" which means ‘Your’. For most cases in the classroom, you’ll hear this phrase with the noun "Mashgh" meaning "Homework" or "Yek kaghaz" meaning "A paper".
Becky: So, hearing these phrases usually means you’ve got a test or some homework! I suppose this phrase is not that joyful for students! Let's listen to it one more time.
Mohammad: “Mashghhatun ro dar biarid.” [pause] “Ye kaghaz begzarid ruye miz.”
Becky: Okay, let’s hear the next phrase now.
Mohammad: "Yaani" or "Maanie".
Becky: Both mean ‘Meaning of [something].’ These are very useful phrases for the classroom, when the teacher is explaining something.
Mohammad: You use the word like this - “ X yaani Y.”, which can be translated as "X means Y." You can use a different form by saying “Maanie X, Y ast” which means "The meaning of X, is Y."
Becky: Ok, there you are. These were our 5 phrases for the classroom - we hope you find them useful.


Becky: That’s it for this lesson. Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time!
Mohammad: Bye.