Lesson Notes

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Grammar

The Focus of this Lesson is Self-introductions in Persian


Topic 1: How to introduce yourself in an informal way


Sentence from the lesson:

'سلام, من ساره ام. از دیدنت خوشبختم. '
Salām, man Sāre-am. Az didanet khoshbakhtam.
"Hi, I'm Sareh. Nice to meet you."


  1. Start by saying: Salām...
    Then, say man ("I"), your name, and then -am, which means "to be" or "I am," and completes the sentence.
    Persian word order is different than English.
    Word for word, this literally means: "Hi, I - Sareh- am."
  2. Finally, say Az didanet khoshbakhtam.
    This means "Nice to meet you."




Topic 2: How to introduce yourself in a formal way



Sentence from the lesson:

'سلام, من ساره هستم. از دیدن شما خوشبختم.'
Salām, man Sāre hastam. Az didan-e shomā khoshbakhtam.
"Hello, I'm Sareh. Nice to meet you"

  1. Here, the informal Man Sāre-am has turned into Man Sāreh hastam.
    In both cases, Man stands for "I" or "me."
    There is also hastam meaning "I am" added at the end of the formal introduction, instead of just -am.  
    -am is actually the short, informal way of saying hastam.
    Also, during a formal self-introduction, we usually only say our last name, so I said Man Sāre hastam.
  2. Pay attention to how "Nice to meet you" changes—we went from Az didanet khoshbakhtam to Az didan-e shomā khoshbakhtam.
    Here, didanet and didan-e shomā are different.
    Didanet is used when speaking informally to only one person.
    It is formed by adding -et meaning "your..." to the end of didan which mean "seeing/meeting."
    In the formal version, instead of -et, we add -e shomā.
    Shomā is the formal word for "you" and can be used whether you're speaking to one person or a group of people.

Language Tip


When you introduce yourself, it's a good habit to shake hands in Persian culture, and if you are not sure whether to use Az didanet khoshbakhtam or Az didan-e shomā khoshbakhtam, you can simply say Khoshbakhtam.

However, if you use the full, correct sentence with Persian people, they're definitely going to be impressed!

Lesson Transcript

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Welcome to PersianPod101.com’s “Persian in 3 minutes.” The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Persian.
Salām, man Anita-am. Az didanet khoshbakhtam. Hi, I'm Anita. Nice to meet you.
In this series, we’re going to learn basic Persian expressions. It’s super easy and it only takes 3 minutes!
In this lesson, you will learn how to introduce yourself in Persian. There are only two sentences you need to learn, but first, it is important to clarify that in Persian there is a difference between formal and informal language.
First let’s see how Persian people introduce themselves in an *informal* situation.
Salām, man Anita-am. Az didanet khoshbakhtam. “Hi, I’m Anita. Nice to meet you.”
[slowly] Salām, man Anita-am. Az didanet khoshbakhtam.
Start by saying: Salām which means "Hi".
Then, say man -- I --, your name, and then -am, which means “to be” or “am."
Salām, man Anita-am.
Persian word order is different than English. Word for word, this literally means: “Hi, I - Anita- am.”
Finally, say Az didanet khoshbakhtam. This means “Nice to meet you.”
Salām, man Anita-am. Az didanet khoshbakhtam.
Now let’s look at the same sentence in formal speech:
Salām, man Anita hastam. Az didan-e shomā khoshbakhtam. “Hello, I’m Anita. Nice to meet you.”
[slowly] Salām, Man Anita hastam. Az didan-e shomā khoshbakhtam.
So, what has changed from the informal introduction?
Let’s take a closer look.
The informal Man Anita-am has turned into Man Anita hastam. In both cases, Man stands for "I" or “me.” Hastam means “am”, and it's added to the end of the formal introduction, instead of just -am.
-am is actually just the short version of hastam, which is the "to be" verb conjugated for the first person.
Finally, pay attention to how “Nice to meet you” changes - we went from Az didanet khoshbakhtam to Az didan-e shomā khoshbakhtam. Here, didanet and didan-e shomā are different. Didanet is used when speaking informally to only one person. It is formed by adding -et meaning “your…” to the end of didan meaning “Seeing" or "meeting”.
In the formal version, instead of -et, we add -e shomā. Shomā is the formal word for “you” and can be used whether you’re speaking to one person or a group of people.
Once again: the informal way to introduce yourself in Persian is Salām, man Anita-am. Az didanet khoshbakhtam.
The formal way to introduce yourself is
Salām, man Anita hastam. Az didan-e shomā khoshbakhtam.
Now it’s time for Anita's Advice.
When you introduce yourself, it's a good habit to shake hands in Persian culture, and if you are not sure whether to use Az didanet khoshbakhtam or Az didan-e shomā khoshbakhtam, you can simply say Khoshbakhtam.
However, if you use the full, correct sentence with Persian people, they’re definitely going to be impressed!
Do you know how to say “thank you” in Persian? You’ll learn how to say this and many other words in the next lesson. Khodāfez!