Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, and welcome back to PersianPod101.com. This is Beginner Season 1, Lesson 2 - Going on a Shopping Trip in Iran. John here.
Mehrnaz: سلام (salaam), I'm Mehrnaz.
John: In this lesson, you’ll learn about the possessive and plural forms. The conversation takes place at a home and clothing store.
Mehrnaz: It's between Mrs. Milani and Farhad.
John: The speakers are family members, so they’ll use informal Persian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
خانم میلانی: میخوام (می‌ خواهم) برم (بروم) کفشامو(کفشهایم را) عوض کنم و برای هدی هم کادو بخرم توهم میای (می‌ آیی‌)؟
فرهاد: کجا میخوای(می‌ خواهی‌) بری (بروی) ؟
خانم میلانی: ونک شاید هم تجریش.
فرهاد: این دامنا (دامن ها) چطور هستن (هستند)؟ می خوای که یه (یک) آبی لاجوردی و یه (یک) سفید براش بخریم؟
خانم میلانی: خوب نیست، چاق نشونش (نشانش) میده (می‌ دهد).
فرهاد: این بلوز چی؟ نارنجی هم دوست داره (دارد).
خانم میلانی: نه , ارزون (ارزان) به نظر میاد (می‌ آید) .
خانم میلانی: این خوبه (خوب است) اتفاقا شال سبز لازم داره (دارد).
خانم میلانی: ولی اینا (این ها) که برداشتی خیلی به هم میان (می‌ آیند).
فرهاد: آره به‌‌‌ کفشی که هفته پیش خریده هم خیلی میان (می‌ آیند).
John: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
خانم میلانی: میخوام (می‌ خواهم) برم (بروم) کفشامو(کفشهایم را) عوض کنم و برای هدی هم کادو بخرم توهم میای (می‌ آیی‌)؟
فرهاد: کجا میخوای(می‌ خواهی‌) بری (بروی) ؟
خانم میلانی: ونک شاید هم تجریش.
فرهاد: این دامنا (دامن ها) چطور هستن (هستند)؟ می خوای که یه (یک) آبی لاجوردی و یه (یک) سفید براش بخریم؟
خانم میلانی: خوب نیست، چاق نشونش (نشانش) میده (می‌ دهد).
فرهاد: این بلوز چی؟ نارنجی هم دوست داره (دارد).
خانم میلانی: نه , ارزون (ارزان) به نظر میاد (می‌ آید) .
خانم میلانی: این خوبه (خوب است) اتفاقا شال سبز لازم داره (دارد).
خانم میلانی: ولی اینا (این ها) که برداشتی خیلی به هم میان (می‌ آیند).
فرهاد: آره به‌‌‌ کفشی که هفته پیش خریده هم خیلی میان (می‌ آیند).
John: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Mrs. Milani: I'm going to change my shoes and buy Hoda a present too; do you want to come along?
Farhad: Where are you going?
Mrs. Milani: Vanak, maybe Tajrish.
Farhad: How are these skirts? Do you want us to buy an ultramarine blue and a white one for her?
Mrs. Milani: Not good, it makes her look fat.
Farhad: How about this blouse? She loves orange too!
Mrs. Milani: No, it looks cheap!
Mrs. Milani: This is good! She happens to need a green scarf!
Mrs. Milani: But these ones you took go very well together.
Farhad: They go very well with the shoes she got last week as well!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
John: What’s one famous spot for shopping in Iran?
Mehrnaz: That’s "Vali asr Street," or in Persian, خیابان ولی‌ عصر
John: I’ve heard about it. It’s the longest street in the Middle East. It’s well-known by local residents and Iranians as well as foreign tourists.
Mehrnaz: That’s right. It has tall cedar trees plus high-class shopping centers and the best restaurants in Tehran.
John: Have you ever been there?
Mehrnaz: I’ve visited Vali asr Street a few times. I can say that I had the best European food I’ve ever had there. I also remember that the traditional tea houses were very beautiful and elegant, with very reasonable prices. You should definitely visit this place and have a cup of Iranian-grown black tea with baklava.
John: I wish I could!
Mehrnaz: And you can get some for just $1!
John: That sounds delicious and convenient! Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
John: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Mehrnaz: کادو [natural native speed]
John: present, gift
Mehrnaz: کادو[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mehrnaz: کادو [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Mehrnaz: آبی لاجوردی [natural native speed]
John: ultramarine blue
Mehrnaz: آبی لاجوردی[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mehrnaz: آبی لاجوردی [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Mehrnaz: دامن [natural native speed]
John: skirt
Mehrnaz: دامن [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mehrnaz: دامن [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Mehrnaz: چاق [natural native speed]
John: fat, obese
Mehrnaz: چاق[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mehrnaz: چاق [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Mehrnaz: بلوز [natural native speed]
John: blouse
Mehrnaz: بلوز[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mehrnaz: بلوز [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Mehrnaz: ارزان به نظر آمدن [natural native speed]
John: to look cheap
Mehrnaz: ارزان به نظر آمدن[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mehrnaz: ارزان به نظر آمدن [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Mehrnaz: هفته پیش [natural native speed]
John: last week
Mehrnaz: هفته پیش[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mehrnaz: هفته پیش [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Mehrnaz: به هم آمدن [natural native speed]
John: to go together
Mehrnaz: به هم آمدن[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mehrnaz: به هم آمدن [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Mehrnaz: کفش (یک جفت کفش) [natural native speed]
John: shoes (one pair of shoes)
Mehrnaz: کفش (یک جفت کفش)[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mehrnaz: کفش (یک جفت کفش) [natural native speed]
John: And last...
Mehrnaz: خریدن [natural native speed]
John: to buy
Mehrnaz: خریدن[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mehrnaz: خریدن [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
John: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is...
Mehrnaz: به هم آمدن
John: Meaning "to go together."
Mehrnaz: Beh means "to," ham means "each other", and amadan means "to come".
John: So, literally this phrase means “to each other come.” Can you give us some sample sentences?
Mehrnaz: Sure. For example, you can say, این کت‌ و شلوار سفید به من میاد,
John: "This white suit looks good on me."
Mehrnaz: شیرین و جمشید خیلی‌ به هم میان
John: "Shirin and Jamshid look very good together."
Mehrnaz: . این کفش سفید و شلوار ابی خیلی‌ به هم میاند.
John: ...which means "These white shoes and blue jeans go together very well."
John: Okay, what's the next phrase?
Mehrnaz: ارزان به نظر آمدن
John: Meaning "It looks cheap."
Mehrnaz: Arzaan means "cheap," and beh nazar aamadan, means "to come to mind," or "to look."
John: You can use this phrase whenever something doesn’t look elegant or is not made of good materials. Mehrnaz, can you give us an example using this phrase?
Mehrnaz: Sure. For example, you can say, این ساعت ارزان به نظر میاد.
John: ...which means "This watch looks cheap."
Mehrnaz: Instead of arzaan, you can also say kelaas paaeineh, meaning "low class." For example, این ماشین کلاس پایینه
John: Which means "This car is low class," or "This car looks cheap.”
John: Now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

John: In this lesson, you'll learn about the possessive and plural forms. Let’s start with the possessive form.
Mehrnaz: The possessive form in Persian is very easy to make.
John: There are two ways to make the possessive. Let’s go over the first one, you guessed it, first.
Mehrnaz: We add an -e after the object, immediately followed by the subject. For example, کفش من
John: Which means "My shoes."
Mehrnaz: So remember: we add an -e sound between a noun (of a thing or entity) and another noun (or adjective).
John: Can you give us some other examples?
Mehrnaz: Sure, کتاب سیما
John: meaning "Simaa's book."
Mehrnaz: کتاب آبی
John: Meaning "blue book." Ok, now what’s the second way to form a possessive form?
Mehrnaz: Add the word maal, meaning "belong," after the object, plus -e and the subject. In other words, between the object and subject. For example, این کفش مال من است
John: Meaning "This shoe belongs to me."
Mehrnaz: Using the word maal, you can also create the possessive pronouns. For example, مال من (Maal-e man).
John: Which means “mine.”
Mehrnaz: مال تو (Maal-e to).
John: Which means “yours.” Ok, let’s now see the plural nouns. How do you form them?
Mehrnaz: For most of the words in Persian, you can make the plural by adding the suffix ها, haa. For example, کتاب ها, ماشین ها, کفش ها
John: Respectively meaning “books,” “cars,” and “shoes.”
Mehrnaz: Please notice that when speaking, we sometimes drop the h sound and say ketaabaa, maashinaa, and kafshaa.
John: To wrap up this lesson, can you give us some example sentences which show how to use both plural and possessive forms?
Mehrnaz: For example, کفش‌های من کجا هستند؟
John: “Where are my shoes?”
Mehrnaz: این ماشین ها مال من هستند
John: “These cars belong to me”
Mehrnaz: همهٔ این کتاب‌ها مال من هستند.
John: “All these books belong to me.”

Outro

John: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Mehrnaz: خدا حافظ (khodahafez).

3 Comments

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PersianPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi Listeners! Can you write a sentence with a possessive form in Persian?

PersianPod101.com
Saturday at 9:04 pm
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Hi فهد


Excellent!

امیدوارم از یادگیری زبان فارسی نهایت لذت را ببرید.

Please feel free to ask us if you have any question.


Best,

Ali

Team PersianPod101.com

فهد مومن
Friday at 6:41 pm
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می خواهم زبان فارسی یاد بگیرم که از شعرهای فارسی لذت ببرم.