Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Mohammad:
Hello everyone, My name is Mohammad.
Brandon:
Hi, I'm Brandon. Welcome to PersianPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 1 - Saying Hello in Persian at Any Time of the Day.
Mohammad:
We're going to be your hosts all through this "Persian Absolute Beginner Series". And we’ll start with some lessons about introducing yourself.
Brandon:
In this lesson, you'll learn how to say the key greetings in Persian. That's right, you'll get to know the basic greetings, from a conversation that takes place between two friends, Bahar and Shirin, who are talking on the phone.
Mohammad:
During the conversation they'll greet each other, and since they're friends, they'll use informal Persian language.
Brandon:
So, let's listen to the conversation carefully, and hear the phrases they use. Are you ready?
Mohammad:
Ready. Let's go!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Brandon:
So Mohammad! The word "Salam" is one of the most important parts of a conversation in Persian, right?
Mohammad:
That's right. Salam is how you start a conversation, when you meet someone.
Brandon:
So, would you tell us, where does the word originate from?
Mohammad:
It's somewhat related to the word "Salamati," which means "health" in Persian.
Brandon:
That's interesting, so it originally means "health".
Mohammad:
Yes, there's even a well-known phrase, where we say "Salam salamati miare," meaning "Salam brings health".
Brandon:
Interesting! And I remember hearing another famous line about "Salam" and "acquaintance", and something about a "nice scent". How did it go again?
Mohammad:
It's a popular poem from Hafez that says, "Salami cho booye khoshe ashenayi", meaning "A "Hello" is like the good scent of acquaintance or friendship".
Brandon:
I see. So it really is an important part of the Persian language.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Brandon:
Now let's take a closer look at the usage of some of the key words and phrases used in this lesson. Our first word is...
Mohammad:
Again, "Salam"!
Brandon:
As we said earlier, this is a salutation meaning "Hello" in Persian. When and how can we use it, Mohammad?
Mohammad:
It can be used at any time of the day, and by anyone, even by complete strangers who are meeting for the first time, or by best friends.
Brandon:
And judging by our conversation, it's used everywhere, like for example over the phone.
Mohammad:
Of course. Also in letters, messages, or when we talk to someone directly, we use "Salam".
Brandon:
Great. Now let's move on to our second phrase, which is...
Mohammad:
"Khodahafez".
Brandon:
It means "Goodbye" or "Farewell", right?
Mohammad:
That's right. It actually consists of two parts, "Khoda" and "Hafez", which mean "God" and "Protector", respectively
Brandon:
So whenever you say "Goodbye" to someone, you're actually wishing the "Protection of God" for that person?
Mohammad:
Exactly!
Brandon:
That's nice! Let's repeat it again for our listeners.
Mohammad:
"Khodahafez" (pause) "Khodahafez".
Brandon:
Alright. Our last phrase is...
Mohammad:
" می بینمت " (Mibinamet).
Brandon:
It means "See you".
Mohammad:
Right. " می بینمت " is a form of the verb "Didan," meaning "to see", which contains the present or future tense; in Persian (Mi), the subject pronoun "I," or (Am) in Persian, and the object "You," or (Et) in Persian, in itself.
Brandon:
Wow! That's a complete sentence in just one word! Is it used often?
Mohammad:
Not really. But again, it depends on the person and the situation.
Brandon:
Let's say it one more time. Listeners, listen and repeat.
Mohammad:
"Mibinamet" (pause) "Mibinamet".
Brandon:
Okay. Now let’s move on to the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Brandon:
In this lesson, you’ll learn how to say "How are you?" in formal and informal ways.
Mohammad:
There are so many different ways. The one we used in our conversation as informal speech was "Chetori?"
Brandon:
This literally means "How are you?", but it's in singular form and it’s only used for speaking with friends or close people like family members. What is the formal form of this?
Mohammad:
That would be "Chetorid?," To make a verb plural, change the last "i" to an "id".
Brandon:
Oh, so in order to make anything formal, you use its plural form?
Mohammad:
Yes, that's the general rule.
Brandon:
And what are the other informal ways of asking "How are you?"
Mohammad:
" حالت چطوره؟ " meaning "How are you feeling?", and " خوبی؟ " which simply means "Are you fine?"
Brandon:
Once again "How are you feeling?" is...
Mohammad:
" حالت چطوره؟ " (Halet chetoreh?).
Brandon:
And its formal form?
Mohammad:
" حالتان چطور است؟ " (Haletan chetor ast?). It's plural even if used for only one person, and I would say, it's the most formal way of all.
Brandon:
Okay. So, let's say I'm your boss! How would you ask me how I'm feeling?
Mohammad:
" سلام آقا حالتان چطور است؟ " (Salam agha, haletan chetor ast?).
Brandon:
And if I'm your friend?
Mohammad:
I would say: " چطوری؟ خوبی؟ " (chetori? khoobi?). Just like in the conversation.
Brandon:
The formal form of which will be " چطورید؟ خوبید؟ " (chetorid? khoobid?), right?
Mohammad:
That's right.
Brandon:
Now, how do I have to respond to all of these? For example, how do I say "I'm fine"?
Mohammad:
" من خوبم " (Man Khoobam), is the same as "I'm fine."
Brandon:
Is this formal or informal?
Mohammad:
It can be used for both situations. And it's usually followed by a short thanks, like "Mamnoon".
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Mohammad:
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Mohammad:
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Mohammad:
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Brandon:
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Mohammad:
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Outro

Brandon:
Okay, that was an exciting beginning! And that’s all for this lesson. To reinforce what you’ve learned in this lesson, please check the lesson notes. And if you have any comments or questions, leave us a post on this lesson at PersianPod101.com.
Mohammad:
We’re happy to help!
Brandon:
We'll continue with introductions in the next lesson, so stay tuned!
Mohammad:
See you soon. Khodahafez.
Brandon:
Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time.

Video Dialogue

70 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

PersianPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Hello Listeners! How do you say "goodbye" in Persian?

Sunday at 5:20 pm
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Hi Michele,


Thank you for commenting! We are glad that you enjoyed the lesson!


If you ever have any questions, please let us know!


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team PersianPod101.com

Michele
Saturday at 12:08 pm
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Great lesson indeed, I really like to learn Persian~👍😄

Monday at 5:08 pm
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Hello Sirwan,


تو and شما. Good question.

تو is the pronoun used for the second person singular.

شما is the pronoun used for the second person plural. Ans also it's polite to call a stranger or someone older than you شما out of respect. Yes, you're right! It sounds formal too as زیرا does.


Hope it helps,

Mehrnaz

PersianPod101.com

Sirwan
Monday at 10:43 pm
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hello.

What is different between تو and شما. And in which case we use those word. Same as will with different between زبرا and چون with an example please. thanks

PersianPod101.com
Thursday at 2:48 am
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Hi angel,

Thank you for taking your time to leave us a comment.

I am glad to hear that you found our lessons helpful. I hope you like the rest of our series.


Looking forward to seeing you often here.


Olivia

Team PersianPod101.com

angel
Wednesday at 5:30 pm
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👍👍👍👍

angel
Wednesday at 4:48 pm
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amazing lesson, thanks so much it helps me a lot even for the beginning i also heard from my neighbor that lotfan means please. i hope i'm right.

Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hello Brandy Burton,


Thank you for posting.

We’ll consider your feedback for our future development.


Let us know if you have any question. 👍

Lena

Team PersianPod101.com

Monday at 1:50 am
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Salaam! I love the Persian word a day that I receive in my e-mail. I would like to see a word for word translation for the examples shown on PersianPod101. I know there are English translations for all of the examples but I would like to see what each specific Farsi word is in English. I believe seeing a word for word translation will help me learn the grammar.

Kheili tashakkor mikonam! I appreciate all of the hard work that you all have put into providing all of these fun resources. Very well put together. I really love how PersianPod101 has taken the time to provide the lesson transcript and lesson notes. I also love the ability to put the vocabulary words into a flashcard deck. Kheili tashakkor mikonam!

Tuesday at 3:14 pm
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Hello Cara,


Thank you for posting.

Please send us an email to contactus@PersianPod101.com

and explain your issue in detail. Don't forget to mention what kind of device and OS you're using.


Thank you for studying with PersianPod101.com

Sincerely,

Lena

Team PersianPod101.com