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Lesson Transcript

Mohammad: Hello everyone, My name is Mohammad.
Brandon: Hi, I'm Brandon. Welcome to PersianPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 1 - Saying Hello in Persian at Any Time of the Day.
Mohammad: We're going to be your hosts all through this "Persian Absolute Beginner Series". And we’ll start with some lessons about introducing yourself.
Brandon: In this lesson, you'll learn how to say the key greetings in Persian. That's right, you'll get to know the basic greetings, from a conversation that takes place between two friends, Bahar and Shirin, who are talking on the phone.
Mohammad: During the conversation they'll greet each other, and since they're friends, they'll use informal Persian language.
Brandon: So, let's listen to the conversation carefully, and hear the phrases they use. Are you ready?
Mohammad: Ready. Let's go!
Brandon: So Mohammad! The word "Salam" is one of the most important parts of a conversation in Persian, right?
Mohammad: That's right. Salam is how you start a conversation, when you meet someone.
Brandon: So, would you tell us, where does the word originate from?
Mohammad: It's somewhat related to the word "Salamati," which means "health" in Persian.
Brandon: That's interesting, so it originally means "health".
Mohammad: Yes, there's even a well-known phrase, where we say "Salam salamati miare," meaning "Salam brings health".
Brandon: Interesting! And I remember hearing another famous line about "Salam" and "acquaintance", and something about a "nice scent". How did it go again?
Mohammad: It's a popular poem from Hafez that says, "Salami cho booye khoshe ashenayi", meaning "A "Hello" is like the good scent of acquaintance or friendship".
Brandon: I see. So it really is an important part of the Persian language.
Brandon: Now let's take a closer look at the usage of some of the key words and phrases used in this lesson. Our first word is...
Mohammad: Again, "Salam"!
Brandon: As we said earlier, this is a salutation meaning "Hello" in Persian. When and how can we use it, Mohammad?
Mohammad: It can be used at any time of the day, and by anyone, even by complete strangers who are meeting for the first time, or by best friends.
Brandon: And judging by our conversation, it's used everywhere, like for example over the phone.
Mohammad: Of course. Also in letters, messages, or when we talk to someone directly, we use "Salam".
Brandon: Great. Now let's move on to our second phrase, which is...
Mohammad: "Khodahafez".
Brandon: It means "Goodbye" or "Farewell", right?
Mohammad: That's right. It actually consists of two parts, "Khoda" and "Hafez", which mean "God" and "Protector", respectively
Brandon: So whenever you say "Goodbye" to someone, you're actually wishing the "Protection of God" for that person?
Mohammad: Exactly!
Brandon: That's nice! Let's repeat it again for our listeners.
Mohammad: "Khodahafez" (pause) "Khodahafez".
Brandon: Alright. Our last phrase is...
Mohammad: " می بینمت " (Mibinamet).
Brandon: It means "See you".
Mohammad: Right. " می بینمت " is a form of the verb "Didan," meaning "to see", which contains the present or future tense; in Persian (Mi), the subject pronoun "I," or (Am) in Persian, and the object "You," or (Et) in Persian, in itself.
Brandon: Wow! That's a complete sentence in just one word! Is it used often?
Mohammad: Not really. But again, it depends on the person and the situation.
Brandon: Let's say it one more time. Listeners, listen and repeat.
Mohammad: "Mibinamet" (pause) "Mibinamet".
Brandon: Okay. Now let’s move on to the grammar.
Brandon: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to say "How are you?" in formal and informal ways.
Mohammad: There are so many different ways. The one we used in our conversation as informal speech was "Chetori?"
Brandon: This literally means "How are you?", but it's in singular form and it’s only used for speaking with friends or close people like family members. What is the formal form of this?
Mohammad: That would be "Chetorid?," To make a verb plural, change the last "i" to an "id".
Brandon: Oh, so in order to make anything formal, you use its plural form?
Mohammad: Yes, that's the general rule.
Brandon: And what are the other informal ways of asking "How are you?"
Mohammad: " حالت چطوره؟ " meaning "How are you feeling?", and " خوبی؟ " which simply means "Are you fine?"
Brandon: Once again "How are you feeling?" is...
Mohammad: " حالت چطوره؟ " (Halet chetoreh?).
Brandon: And its formal form?
Mohammad: " حالتان چطور است؟ " (Haletan chetor ast?). It's plural even if used for only one person, and I would say, it's the most formal way of all.
Brandon: Okay. So, let's say I'm your boss! How would you ask me how I'm feeling?
Mohammad: " سلام آقا حالتان چطور است؟ " (Salam agha, haletan chetor ast?).
Brandon: And if I'm your friend?
Mohammad: I would say: " چطوری؟ خوبی؟ " (chetori? khoobi?). Just like in the conversation.
Brandon: The formal form of which will be " چطورید؟ خوبید؟ " (chetorid? khoobid?), right?
Mohammad: That's right.
Brandon: Now, how do I have to respond to all of these? For example, how do I say "I'm fine"?
Mohammad: " من خوبم " (Man Khoobam), is the same as "I'm fine."
Brandon: Is this formal or informal?
Mohammad: It can be used for both situations. And it's usually followed by a short thanks, like "Mamnoon".
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Brandon: Okay, that was an exciting beginning! And that’s all for this lesson. To reinforce what you’ve learned in this lesson, please check the lesson notes. And if you have any comments or questions, leave us a post on this lesson at PersianPod101.com.
Mohammad: We’re happy to help!
Brandon: We'll continue with introductions in the next lesson, so stay tuned!
Mohammad: See you soon. Khodahafez.
Brandon: Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time.


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user profile picture
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hello Listeners! How do you say "goodbye" in Persian?

user profile picture
Tuesday at 11:46 pm
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Hello there,

Thank you for leaving a comment!

To learn English with us, please visit our website at http://www.EnglishClass101.com/ . We have many lessons from Beginner level to Advanced to help you start speaking and understanding English.



Team PersianPod101.com

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Who live in iran
Tuesday at 4:05 am
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Hi, i live in iran, and i want to learn English! Actually i can speak English and i know some gramer... But im not very well, please help me to learn and speak fluently English. And i will learn you persian, because im from iran...

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Saturday at 4:24 pm
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Hello Tatheer,

Thank you for posting.

You can review Persian Farewells with this lesson:



In case of any questions, please don't hesitate to contact us.



Team PersianPod101.com

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Tatheer zahra
Friday at 8:37 pm
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We say ( khuda hafiz) for goodbye in persian

user profile picture
Saturday at 9:16 pm
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Hi Gergő,

Thank you for posting.

As you already set the keyboard to Persian and you're having difficulties with the correspondence of each key, in case you're using Windows OS, you can check out the Windows Keyboard Layouts here:


Another option is to use an online keyboard. You can try this one:


Hope this helps! In case of any questions, please don't hesitate to contact us.



Team PersianPod101.com

user profile picture
Friday at 1:41 am
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Hi! Thanks for answering. My problem is: After each lessons vocabulary there is a Quiz. Which would be very usefull IF i could write the answer in Persian BUT I can't. Because I don't know the Persian letters. For Example: writing "man" (I, me) on my keyboard (Hungarian keyboard set to Persian qwerty) gives the result: مان This is different from the Persian word in the vocabulary and the Quiz doesn't like it either. (other example: this is salaam by me: سالاام

Thank you for your help

user profile picture
Friday at 12:10 am
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Hi Gergő,

We are happy you are learning Persian with us. In Persian, you can not isolate small letters, these letters will make a word next to each other.

Please describe your issue more clear. We will do our best to help you learn how to write Persian.



Team PersianPod101.com

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Thursday at 5:25 am
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The lesson is great, but unfortunatelly I don't know how to learn the persian writing to the words, (they are small letters , and i cant isolate them). Any Ideas? Mamnoon

(ps. keyboard is set to Persian QWERTY)

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Sunday at 5:20 pm
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Hi Michele,

Thank you for commenting! We are glad that you enjoyed the lesson!

If you ever have any questions, please let us know!



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Saturday at 12:08 pm
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Great lesson indeed, I really like to learn Persian~👍😄