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Learn the Persian Alphabet from A to Z!

Learning to speak a new language is exciting; learning to write a new language is even more exciting! It will open new worlds for you. So, dig into these tips and advice for learning how to master the Persian alphabet easily - at PersianPod101 we make it easy, fun and relevant for you!

Starting anything from scratch can be challenging, especially if you learn how to write in a language completely different from your own. It is really like navigating through a territory that is completely unknown to you.

However, this need not be a big hurdle or a problem! At PersianPod101, we introduce you to Persian writing in simple, easy-to-follow steps, and you can ask for advice or help anywhere along the way. It is important to master the Persian alphabet completely from the start.

Download Your Free Guide to Beginner Persian!

If you want to master the Persian language and become fluent, you must learn the Persian alphabet letters first. And you need physical worksheets to practice on.

This eBook is a MUST-HAVE for all Persian learning beginners!

Free Persian eBook

Download your Free Persian practice sheets PDF today and learn the Persian language in no time!
This is a must-have guide for absolute beginners

Introduction to Persian Writing


The Persian alphabet makes use of the same system as the Arabic script system. In fact, the Persian alphabet is actually a form of the Arabic alphabet in a modified style. Referred to as Perso-Arabic, this Persian writing script and alphabet is used by a number of languages, such as Urdu, Saraiki, Ottoman Turkish, Punjabi, Sindhi, and Balochi. Unlike the basic Arabic system, the [bold] makes use of Persian accents to create the proper sounds. All Persian words using the alphabet are written in cursive. However, the Romanized version of the letters can be written in print. It is also important to keep in mind that the Persian language is read from right to left on the page.

The Persian Alphabet

There are thirty two letters in the Persian alphabet. This is considered the modern alphabet and it does include some differences from more archaic words. As one would see, the letters are very close to the Arabic alphabet. However, the uses of letters and how they will be joined is different.

There are certain words that are considered a part of the Persian alphabet, but they are just different shapes of letters. In this case, they are not technically letters. The names of these characters include alef madde, he ye, l?m alef, and tanvin nasb. These characters mean ā, -eye, lā, and –an consecutively. While some of these characters may look the same to the English speaking eye, they do have subtle differences that will have to do with how they are used in words.

The Persian alphabet is based on the Arabic writing system, but there are differences and changes. It is important to note these changes in order to learn Persian. While it may seem confusing when compared to English, the Persian alphabet can be straightforward. Persian lessons will make this easier for anyone who would like to learn the language.

Persian Alphabet Chart


The Persian alphabet is easy to learn because the most of character shapes are similar to each other, and there are many similar sounds to English.


The Persian alphabet consists of 32 characters, 28 of which are from the Arabic alphabet, plus 4 additional ones that are (P)”پ,” (ZH)”ژ,” (G)”گ,” (CH)”چ” which are exclusive to Persian, and don’t exist in Arabic. Most of the letters are so similar in terms of their shapes, and only differ in the number and places of points, like: (B)”ب,” (P)”پ,” (T)”ت,” (S)”ث.” Depending on which part of the word they’re in, most of the letters have from two to four forms of initial, medial, and final. Like for example, the letter gheyn (غ) with the sound of GH in the words below:

(apart final)  باغ  [bagh = “garden”] (initial) غار [ghar = “cave”]‍               

(connected final)  تیغ‍  [tigh = “blade”] (medial)  نغمه  [naghmeh = “melody”]

In the table below, you can find all the characters of the Persian alphabet in their initial, medial and final forms from left to right.

Persian Alphabet

Form Name Sound Form Name Sound
ء Hamze ea/ye ص صا Sad s
ا آ Alef a/aa/e/o ض ضا Zad z
ب با Be b ط طا Ta t
پ پا Pe p ظ ظا Za z
ت تا Te t ع نع معن عا Ein ea
ث ثا Se s غ نغ مغن غا Ghein gh
ج جا Jim j ف فا Fe f
چ چا Che ch ق قا Ghaf gh
ح حا He h ک کا Kaf k
خ خا Khe kh گ گا Gaf g
د Dal d ل لم Lam l
ذ Zal z م ما Mim m
ر Re r ن نا Noon n
ز Ze z و Vav v/u/oo/o
ژ Zhe zh ه مه مهد ها He h/eh
س سا Sin s ی یا Ye y/i
ش شا Shin sh

*( ا َ، ا ِ، ا ُ، آ  ( َ،  ِ،  ُ، ا  (A, O, E, AA) are all forms of the same letter, which is called Alef.

* In older texts, Alef is considered the first character of alphabet, and Hamze is removed.

* The letters و، ژ، ز، ر، د، ذ، ا  (A, Z, D, R, Z, ZH, and V) are not connected to the next letter in a word.

* ” ه ” ‍ has the sound of H at the beginning of a word, and the sound of Eh at the ending of a word.

(KH) خ, (ZH) ژ , (EA)ع and ء , (GH)غandق , (A[cat]) َا

These five letters are for sounds not found in the English alphabet by default. While ” َ ا َ  ” is a vowel, the other six are used as consonants.

Pronunciation Marks

There are four marks which are used above or below letters to show pronunciation points:

  1. Tashdid ( ّ  ) is used to indicate the sound of a letter in a word that is heard twice or doubled. بچّه (Bachche = “child”)
  2. Hamze ( ء ) is the sign that represents the glottal stop which has no sound or a sound of “ea.”  مسئله (Mas-eale = “problem”)
  3. Tanvin ( ً  ) occurs in the Arabic adverb ending, like “-ly” in English, and is pronounced “an” as in “man.” واقعا ً (Vaghean = “really”)
  4. Sokun ( ^ ) is used to show that there aren’t any short vowels between two consonants (which makes it no more a syllable).  گر^م (Garm = “hot”)

Why is Learning the Persian Alphabet Important?

AlphabetA language’s alphabet is its building blocks. Trying to learn how to write in Persian without first learning its alphabet is a bit like trying to build a brick house without touching the individual bricks! It is impossible to do a good job that way. So don’t believe language schools and methods that try to teach you otherwise. You will regret it later.

Also, once you start recognizing symbols and words, you will be encouraged by your own progress and motivated to learn even faster. Even just learning the basics of the alphabet will allow you to start recognizing simple Persian words, and it will feel great!

Furthermore, knowing the alphabet even helps with pronunciation, as learning the individual letters of any language will start uncovering nuances and intricacies that are not always apparent when you’re simply listening to the words.

Completely mastering the Persian alphabet, no matter how long it takes, will give you an excellent head start in learning how to write and read the language. It will offer you a solid foundation on which to build the other language skills, so set a goal to learn the alphabet so well that you’re able to recite it in your sleep!

Read on for helpful tips and secrets to learning the Persian alphabet quickly and effectively.

How to Download Your Free Guide to Beginner Persian

Download Your Free Guide to Beginner Persian!

If you want to master the Persian language and become fluent, you must learn the Persian alphabet letters first. And you need physical worksheets to practice on.

This eBook is a MUST-HAVE for all Persian learning beginners!

Free Persian eBook

Download your Free Persian practice sheets PDF today and learn the Persian language in no time!
This is a must-have guide for absolute beginners

Log in with Your Free Lifetime Account and we’ll give you a bundle of PDF cheat sheet including Survival Phrases, Romantic Lines, Learning Tips… — absolutely Free!

3 Reasons to Learn Persian Through PDF Lessons

Let’s now take a closer look at how studying Persian lessons in PDF format can help you reach your dream in up to half the time of normal video or audio lessons!

① Saves Minutes on Your Data Plan

Learning Persian through PDF lessons can dramatically reduce your data use. Once a lesson or tool is downloaded, you can then access it offline via your computer or smartphone any time or place regardless of Internet access. And once you’ve download the Persian lessons in PDF format, you can actually access them faster than logging in and trying to do so via a live site. So not only will learning Persian using PDF lessons save minutes on your data plan—it will save you some significant time as well as the lessons add up!

② Print and Take All Persian Lessons and PDF Tools With You Anywhere

Sometimes, a tiny smartphone screen just isn’t adequate, especially when you are trying to learn something new. The great thing about PDF lessons, tools or files is that they can be quickly printed and taken anywhere after you download them. In fact, printing out Persian lessons in PDF format can actually save you time when compared to going through the material on a smartphone with a small screen—even with the extra printing time!

③ Great Study Tool to Boost Retention and Mastery

Studying video or audio lessons online is a great way to learn a language because students can play and rewind sections as many times as needed until the lesson is mastered. But when you review the same Persian lessons again in PDF format, an incredible thing happens: your retention dramatically improves! Thanks to Time Spaced Repetition, seeing the information again in written format helps reinforce the information in your mind and improves both retention and recall. The benefits of learning Persian using PDF lessons quickly add up to significant time savings for you, your data plan, and your dream of learning a new language!

Why are we giving it away?

Learning to read and write is a must for all beginners. Although you get video lessons on how to write in Persian at PersianPod101, you’ll still need physical worksheets to practice on. That’s why you’re getting this printable tutorial PDFs as a gift.

Secrets to Learning the Persian Alphabet Fast

SecretWith a language, like with anything you have to learn from scratch, having a few mnemonic devices handy are key to learning it fast. A mnemonic device is basically any method or technique that helps you to retain or commit something to memory more easily.

Here are a few mnemonic devices to memorize the Persian alphabet so you can speed up learning how to write in Persian.

① Find and Learn an Alphabet Song or Poem in Persian

Can you still remember your childhood alphabet song in your own language? The best way to commit it to memory so you can recite it is still your mom or first teacher’s way - with music, a song and/or a poem! Find a recording and learn to sing the song, or recite the poem along as best as you can. Ask your PersianPod101 teacher to help you understand exactly what you are singing or saying, and soon you’ll have reciting the alphabet under your belt! Repeat it out loud as often as possible.

However, you still need to learn how to write it.

② Study a Few Letters At a Time

Remember when you were young and learning to write for the first time? You didn’t start with words or sentences; you started with letters, one at a time!

Decide on tackling only a few letters each week, and then don’t move on from these till you are completely familiar with them. Don’t take on too many at once, or you may become discouraged. Also, remember to ask your teacher at PersianPod101 if you have questions!

Learn to incidentally spot the letters in books, road signs (If you’re living in the country), magazines, on TV, anywhere you encounter written Persian. Remember to write them out!

③ Write Out the Letters of the Alphabet By Hand

Make it a goal to write out your week’s letters at least once a day, and commit to this goal. You can also do it every time you have a free moment. Get yourself a special notebook for this purpose that you can carry with you anywhere you go. Sitting on the train or bus? Waiting for someone somewhere? Whip out your notebook and write the Persian alphabet, or the letters you are learning. Aim for about 20 repetitions, while silently saying the letter in your head as you write it out. This way, you will soon be able to form and write words all by yourself! Exciting, isn’t it?

Writing something down with a pen also seems to engrave it in the brain in a way that nothing else does. As an added benefit, it gives you the satisfaction of seeing a new language in your own writing!

Once you’ve mastered the whole alphabet, commit to writing it out in its entirety at least once a day, for at least one month. More repetitions are obviously better.

④ Involve Your Whole Body

Research has shown that the more senses and actions we use to learn something, the quicker the new information sticks in the memory and becomes habitual. To apply this principle while learning the Persian alphabet, write out huge letters by tracing them in the soil, or with chalk on the floor. Now, while saying the letter out loud, walk on the lines you have just traced. In this way, you ‘write’ the letter by moving your whole body!

Having fun just makes it even easier to learn something, so why not ‘write’ the letters out with dance steps while moving to your favorite Persian music!

This is a simple trick that seems silly, but you’ll be surprised how quickly you will commit intricate letters to memory this way. It really works!

⑤ Use Associations To Memorize Letters

This technique would involve saying the Persian letter out loud, and then thinking of a word in your own language that sounds the same as the letter. That would then create a phonic association that should make it easier for you to remember the letter. Better even if the association is something you can draw or picture.

If the script of the new alphabet is very different from your own, look at it closely, and see if you can find an image that the letter reminds you of

⑥ Now Have Fun Trying To Write Words!

Try to write words from your own language in Persian, and ask your friendly PersianPod101 teachers for feedback! Or post them on the forum and see if anyone can read them. You will be so pleased with yourself when you start writing words that are readable and recognizable by native speakers.

Related Lessons

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Do you know how to say hello in Persian? It’s the most basic phrase that you’ll need to say and hear in everyday life. If you don’t know yet, learn 15 ways to say hello and greet others in Persian. Why 15? The more variations you know, the more you can speak and the more fluent you become!
How to Introduce Yourself in Persian
Can you introduce yourself in Persian? Don’t worry! Check out the 10 Persian Lines You Need To Introduce Yourself with this free Review Sheet. From “My name is…“ and “I live in…” down to “My hobbies are…” Just review the 10 lines. It will only take you 2 minutes. Then, introduce yourself in the comment section below!
Top Persian Phrases
How good is your Persian? Care to put it to the test? Here’s the deal! We’ve come up with this must-know Persian Phrases List. Learn the top 25 Persian phrases, hear the native pronunciation and put your Persian to the test. Did you know them all? If not, review the list and master these easy phrases!
How to Say Thank You in Persian
Has anyone thanked you today? We will. Thank you for reading this article and learning with us! In fact, today, you’ll learn the many different ways to say “Thank You” in Persian. It’s one of the most important Persian phrases. Check it out and watch the video too to practice your pronunciation.

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